Malay language has a word for this - sentap. This is when they have a sudden realization that they're doing something bad and feel remorse immediately after.

Examples of use

  1. A billionaire donates a substantial amount to building an orphanage. Someone asks this billionaire why he spends all that money, yet has done nothing for his orphaned niece. He feels this 'sentap' at the question, then adopts the niece soon after.

  2. An award winning pharmacist has made a few millions by overcharging for patented medicine. Someone tells her that she has become rich with her methods, but has never helped the poor people who died without the medicine. She feels 'sentap' at the question, and chooses to donate a portion of her profits to the poor.

Is there an English word catches that brief shock and surprise before remorse? It's not necessarily guilt or shame. It can be something like sadness upon realizing something, which the person might have denied earlier or simply never noticed.

Realization doesn't seem to be the ideal term as it doesn't catch the remorse later on. Fridge Horror comes close, but is more suited to horror rather than remorse.

  • 1
    Dumb-founded. Pikiran bisu jangan disangka tiada jahat. May 9, 2014 at 3:45

6 Answers 6


I think compunction may be a close definition to your description:

  • A strong uneasiness caused by a sense of guilt. - A sting of conscience or a pang of doubt aroused by a perception of wrongdoing or the prospect of wrongdoing.

I don't think there is such an English word. The closest concept would be an "epiphany" or revelation; or the Greek (and English-use literary term) anagnorisis meaning "recognition [of a truth]."


The closest word I know of that captures this feeling of shame and embarrassment is "mortification".

Perhaps this is because English evolved in a guilt, instead of a shame, culture

  • I don't really mean shame or embarrassment. More like surprise, in the sense of "You're right. What have I been doing?". I suppose "remorse" isn't really the perfect word for this but it's the closest I could think of.
    – Muz
    May 9, 2014 at 8:47
  • I understand now. Back to the drawing board for me.
    – blackappy
    May 9, 2014 at 17:06

'Guilt, closely followed by shame' seems to be the essence of what you're describing. As well as the term compunction suggested by Josh61, we also have prickings/pangs of conscience.


There is an idiomatic expression "to shock the conscience". It is only used for pretty severe things. "Confronting the hard evidence of what his neglect had done to his niece's health shocked his conscience, and he resolved to see to her nutrition properly, promising the doctor as much."

(I love that Malay has a word for that feeling. It's a great word to have.)


Perculsion: Consternation, shock of mind or feeling followed by Ayenbite of Inwyt, literally, the 'again-biting of inner wit', or the Remorse (Prick) of Conscience

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