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I often heard people say the word "gotta". I have read in this web site that gotta is a contraction of "I have got to" and that that phrase means "must", is my understanding correct?

Regarding the use of "gotta", what does the following phrase mean:

  1. I gotta get something

thanks.

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    Your understanding is correct. You sentence means "I must get something", or "I must procure possession of an as yet unidentified object".
    – oerkelens
    Commented May 7, 2014 at 8:28
  • excuse me for this basic question, the object should be unidentified?
    – armando
    Commented May 7, 2014 at 9:01
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    That was just a description of "something" ;)
    – oerkelens
    Commented May 7, 2014 at 9:27
  • "I have got to..." should properly be contracted to "I've gotta", although in speech the "'ve" could get swallowed to sound like just "I gotta" and over time this has probably become the convention. Of course, the word "got" is entirely redundant in this sentence and the phrase "I have to" on its own means "I must", as you originally suppose.
    – AdamV
    Commented May 7, 2014 at 12:00

1 Answer 1

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Your understanding is correct.

The 'particle' (I do not know the correct term for a word used like this) got can be used in conjunction with the modal verb to have to, as per your example, and also the verb to have (in the sense of possession), when used in the present-perfect.

According to Oxforddictionaries.com and The Urban Dictionary, in addition to the meaning given in your example, gotta also serves as a contraction for the conjunction of have and got in the sense of being in possession, e.g. 'I have got a secret to tell you' can become 'I gotta a secret to tell you'.

For what it's worth, as a native speaker of British English, I would use gotta in both of these senses in informal spoken language, but for some reason I would only ever use it in informal(!), written contexts as a contraction for the modal to have to, i.e. while I would write 'I gotta go', for example in a text message, I would never write 'I gotta new jacket'. I do not know if this is typical of my dialect, or just something personal, though I suspect it's the former.

I would not use gotta in any formal context, neither as a contraction for to have nor for to have to.

As an aside, it is of course possible to use 'I have got to' with the verb 'to get', e.g.

I have got to get a new car!

The pronunciation can be contracted to the audibly pleasing

I've gotta getta new car!

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  • Tangentially, does anybody know the name of the rapid, 'ricocheting' audible effect heard when pronouncing 'gotta getta'? It's sorta similar to rolling an R :)
    – 568ml
    Commented May 7, 2014 at 9:13
  • really helpful comment, I was always afraid to ask these kind of question before!
    – armando
    Commented May 7, 2014 at 9:17
  • @armando I'm pleased to help! My original wording for my last example ('gotta getta') was misleading, so please take a look at my revision if you found that bit interesting :)
    – 568ml
    Commented May 7, 2014 at 9:34
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    I find the second usage as in "I gotta secret..." just sounds like sloppy rendering of the verbal "I've got a..." - it's the I have that is contracted to I've, the two words "got a" remain untouched.
    – AdamV
    Commented May 7, 2014 at 11:58
  • I agree with you @AdamV that it's sloppy, but it's a spelling apparently common enough to warrant its own entry in the sources I linked to, and I think it's really the same thing with the gotta in 'I've gotta go home': a verbal contraction is being transcribed into the spelling.
    – 568ml
    Commented May 7, 2014 at 13:18

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