# What is the difference between "graphic" and "graphical" as adjectives?

Are the two adjectives completely interchangeable, or is there a distinction between them?

Does it matter which I choose?

• Could you use 'supplementary content' instead and avoid the confusion altogether? Apr 29, 2014 at 16:35
• @mjsqu Wouldn't "supplementary" then become completely redundant, since I'm saying, essentially, that it should supplement rather than replace? Apr 29, 2014 at 16:36
• I advise that you use graphical. Graphic has had the misfortune of acquiring a second meaning, usually that something is bloody, gory, and violent; i.e. graphically explicit. Apr 29, 2014 at 16:39
• While I appreciate the advice on which word to use (and I agree with the reasoning given), I would still like to know if there is a distinction in meaning, aside from the ambiguity of "graphic". Apr 29, 2014 at 16:40
• Somewhat related, the canonical question: Why is it “geometric” but “theoretical”? Apr 29, 2014 at 18:25

As an adjective 'graphic' refers more directly to the actual process of drawing, or the discipline that has evolved from what used to involve training one how to draw. But 'graphical' refers less directly to drawing as a process, but to the visual result.

As a noun, all depictions are 'graphics', whether drawn or projected.

'Graphic' also has the meaning of 'so vivid you cannot avoid seeing it', as in graphic sex or violence. So people occasionally avoid using it when it can be taken in that sense. (Donkey Kong eating Princess Peach would be graphical violence, but not graphic violence.)

There is a very technical meaning which might illustrate one of the norms that Wilson mentioned. In mathematics, a graph is a representation of objects where some pairs of objects are connected by links. The adjective form of graph, in this sense, must be graphical.

So to say that a probabilistic model can be represented as a graph, where the objects are random variables and the random variables can be connected by links which represent their dependencies, is just like saying that a probabilistic model can be represented as a graphical model. You cannot use graphic model in this context. (I have heard people say graph model, although that sounds jarring to me)

• Would you say "graphic representation of a temporal sequence" or "graphical representation of a temporal sequence"?
– skan
Dec 7, 2018 at 0:20

Graphic

• Nowadays, the word graphic is widely used as a noun to refer to an image that is generated by a computer.
• As an adjective it used to mean the following:
• Written, drawn or engraved as in "graphic symbols";
• Of or relating to the graphic arts as in "the graphic works of the Inca";
• Relating to or presented by a graph as in "a graphic presentation of students' scores";
• Evoking lifelike images within the mind as in "a graphic description of house";
• Giving a detailed description of nudity or sexual activity as in " a graphic narration of what he/she did with her/him in bed.

Graphical is used adjective and not as a noun. It is used mainly to mean:

• Relating to or presented by a graph as in "a graphical presentation of students' scores";
• Written, drawn or engraved as in "graphical symbols".

It can be said that "graphic is wider in meaning than graphical.

• Would you say "graphic representation of a temporal sequence" or "graphical representation of a temporal sequence"?
– skan
Dec 7, 2018 at 0:20

As adjectives, graphic and graphical are equivalent. Graphic is also a noun, as in a visual graphic, whereas graphical is only an adjective.

However, there are phrases where graphic is conventionally used, other phrases where graphical is the norm. Therefore, it's important to choose the correct word for a given situation.

For example:

graphic arts,
graphic equalizer,
graphic novel[s],
graphic artist[s],
graphics card[s],
graphic designer[s]

flowcharts are graphical presentations,
graphical user interface

• So, um. Graphic and graphical are not equivalent, after all. Indeed, it would be impossible for them to be equivalent due to blocking. Apr 29, 2014 at 23:22
• They have equivalent meanings, but there are idioms and set phrases that happen to use just one or the other. Feb 26, 2019 at 1:14