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I talked to my English teacher about what to name a person who works with computers. For Germans: Informatiker. As far as I know, the job is called "computer scientist", that's what most translators say. But my English teacher keeps telling me that the term is "IT specialist". "Computer scientists" are academic IT specialists, while the general worker is an "IT specialist".

Which is the correct form, now? When I should use either?

EDIT:
I need to clarify my problem.
I just finished my apprenticeship. As I said in my comment below, at the end of the apprenticeship, we all have the same degree, we are called in german "Informatiker". I made the apprenticeship in Switzerland, so maybe it is different in other countries. It doesn't matter if I work as a Java developer, so software engineer, or if I am working as a system engineer or, as oerkelens in his answer said, what ever you do in the nearly endless list of "computer worker", at the end, we all have the same degree.

As part of an order in my english school class, we need to write an application letter on english for a fictitious job offer. So I need to translate my degree "Informatiker". When I search for "Informatiker" on the german Wikipedia (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Informatiker), and switch then the language to english, the article about the computer scientist will be displayed. But my english teacher marked it as wrong, because of the reasons said above.

I agree to write the exact role like application engineer if you currently working as such one. But in my case, I'm not an application engineer. I'm a general IT-specialist | computer sientist.

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    There is no commonly agreed upon term. Everyone just writes whatever they like to see on their business card. Scientist, specialist, Senior Software Architect, developer, guru, god. (Just like in German, for that matter, where Informatiker is really only used by people who are not Informatiker.) – RegDwigнt Apr 24 '14 at 12:11
  • With no references whatsoever, I would suggest that a computer scientist should have been formally educated in a broad range of computing subjects and passed a recognised degree level course; a computer specialist may have had had no formal training and no diploma but are still just as skilled. As RegDwight says, seems very doubtful that you'll find a official definition that is agreed on by most. – Frank Apr 24 '14 at 12:17
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    This question is better asked on SO. – Kris Apr 24 '14 at 12:48
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    They are two completely different job types (Berufsbilder) and require different education (at least in Europe). A computer scientist is a scientist (as banal as it may sound) and does science, i.e. he does research (including but not limited to academic research). That means he formulates hypotheses, conducts experiments (where possible), publishes in peer reviewed journals...generally does stuff that scientists do. Usually on a theoretical level. An IT specialist however is more like an engineer. He develops stuff, fixes stuff, and turns science into tech. – Matthaeus Apr 24 '14 at 13:13
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    Do not try to translate designations, they are geographical context sensitive. Ask on a tech Q&A, not English Q&A. – Kris Apr 25 '14 at 9:20
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If you have a particular degree in CS, you say just that, "I have a Bachelor in CS", "I have a Master's in CS", "I have a PhD in CS".

If you are an "Informatiker EFZ", an apprenticeship that does not so much as exist outside of Switzerland, then that is your actual qualification and that is the exact term you should be using in English as well. Everything else is misleading. "Computer scientist" is plain wrong because you lack a degree in CS, and "IT specialist" is useless as it has no real meaning, different readers will understand it very differently.

So what you should ideally be writing is

Informatiker EFZ (qualified IT specialist)

Just like in German, really, where I'd write "Informatiker EFZ (Fachinformatiker)". "Informatiker" alone does not suffice as it's a one-size-fits-all generic word, "Fachinformatiker" alone is misleading because you're actually an Informatiker EFZ, and "Informatiker EFZ" by itself is insufficient as no German will know what the heck that even means.

  • This answer is great. So my english teacher was partially right. Thanks a lot! – Michael Schmidt Apr 25 '14 at 10:28
  • Theoretically being a computer scientist doesn't require a degree. It does require you to be doing or have done research. Having a degree that says it's in computer science just means you have a degree in it, just as having a degree in math doesn't make you a mathematician. It's an occupation/hobby, not a title. – jmoreno Jul 31 '16 at 14:58
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There are many, many words for this. For starters, it may look to somebody on the outside that everybody who "does something with computers" is doing the same kind of job.

This is as true as saying that everybody who has to do with publishing written words is a "writer", whether they write content (fiction or non-fiction), news articles or research papers. Whether they make paper, design printing presses or run a publishing house. Or edit texts.

In the same way, when it comes to computers, you have designers, architects, programmers, developers, system analysts, testers, system administrators, network specialists, ... The list is nearly endless.

It is hard to come up with any word that would cover the jobs from high-level strategic software architect to first line help desk employee, from programmer to requirements specifier or from embedded systems developer to IC-designer.

What is important is to realize that there are many names for academic grades, and it is usually seen as highly inappropriate to use those unless the person has actually fulfilled the academic requirements to deserve such a title.

Although scientist is not a "protected" title, it is usually reserved for people who work in academia. Most people in IT-related jobs do not. Engineer is a protected academic title, at least in some countries.

Someone who works scientifically in computer-science is unlikely to call themselves a computer-scientist, unless they want to keep their job description vague (because their audience would not understand the distinctions anyway).

IT-specialist sound nice, but it implies that somebody is specialised. And the IT-field is so incredibly wide, that being a specialist in it means very little. It's like being a language-specialist.

The simplest, all encompassing word for a professional in the IT-sector would be IT-professional. It means they do "something" with IT, and they make a living out of it.

When it comes to the technical part of creating software, words like programmer, developer, software engineer are used. What they mean exactly depends almost entirely on context. For example, I am by the laws of my country certainly no engineer, but somehow my current employer has designated me as a software engineer. What's in a name :)

  • I totally agree with your answer, but in my case, it won't fit. Please have a look on my edit. +1 tough – Michael Schmidt Apr 25 '14 at 6:36
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IT is not computer science.

Your teacher is quite correct, though there's no such thing as "Computer scientists ()who are academic IT specialists."

information technology in·for·ma·tion tech·nol·o·gy
noun: IT; plural noun: ITs
1. the study or use of systems (especially computers and telecommunications) for storing, retrieving, and sending information.

Note especially in the definition. IT is essentially about information, its related systems and applications, not necessarily about computers at all. (Though in practice, it may turn out that there can be no IT without computers.)

On the other hand,

computer science com·put·er sci·ence
noun
1. the study of the principles and use of computers.

Computer science is essentially theoretical in nature dealing with the principles of computers and to an extent, their eventual use. It does not deal with the study, design, development and organization of Information other than from a computer science perspective.

HTH.

[meta] This, as the OP already noted, is a question for SO, not ELU.

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    IT is not necessarily about computers but computer science, by definition of "computer", deals with information - Computer: "An electronic device which is capable of receiving information (data) in a particular form and of performing a sequence of operations in accordance with a predetermined but variable set of procedural instructions (program) to produce a result in the form of information or signals". – msam Apr 24 '14 at 15:33
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    Dijkstra: "Computer science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes." – outis nihil Apr 24 '14 at 15:53
  • @outisnihil Absolutely. The right analogy. – Kris Apr 25 '14 at 9:18
  • @outisnihil from the answer: "computer science com·put·er sci·ence noun 1. the study of the principles and use of computers." ...so either that definition is wrong or the quote attributed to Dijkstra is wrong (or one must always take context into consideration) – msam Apr 25 '14 at 12:03
  • I would define it as "the study of the principles related to computability and algorithms as mathematical structures, and of their applications in computing." Anyway, there is a whole Stack Exchange community called "computer science." But beware the dictionary: over-reliance can lead to error philologicus, the fallacy of believing that because you understand the lexicographical descriptions of words, you also understand all the concepts behind them. – outis nihil Apr 25 '14 at 14:22
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German has a desperate need to find one/word descriptions for professions or for the degree required to exercise one. English is less exigent. For instance, with a degree in English you become an "Anglist". What do English speakers call a person with a degree in German? It's more or less the same with "Computer Science" - except that it is by definition a fairly new field and is a closed book for many people. "Informatics" is a linguistic abomination and probably raises the hackles of most academics; "computer science" could mean almost anything the speaker wants it to (hardware? software?) A "computer programmer" can be competent in his field without necessarily knowing too much about the goings-on inside the computer... We could continue in this vein without arriving at a generally satisfactory answer. A teacher worthy of the name should not force his ideas on his students but rather discuss possible solutions with them in order to arrive at a solution they all feel comfortable with.

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