I want to start the conclusion of my essay by using

So, to sum up …
To sum it up, …

Do you think they are formal and stylish?

closed as primarily opinion-based by Andrew Leach Dec 2 '15 at 8:47

Many good questions generate some degree of opinion based on expert experience, but answers to this question will tend to be almost entirely based on opinions, rather than facts, references, or specific expertise. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • This question may be simple, and asking for writing advice BUT it is also very useful to visitors. At least this is not about proofreading an essay. There are also other ways to begin the conclusion of an essay, which should be mentioned in answers. – Mari-Lou A May 9 '17 at 10:01

The first is right, the second sounds awkward.

Formal, yes. Stylish, no. Pretty standard really, which is good, because you don't necessarily want to be fancy here. It's what you say next that will count.

You could also say In conclusion or To conclude or As we have seen or As I have shown or In discussing these matters what has emerged is...


It is formal, but I would not consider it stylish. I try to avoid using phrases such as "In conclusion", "To wrap it all up", or anything similar. I prefer to reiterate the thesis and the main points of the paper, then have a strong finishing sentence.


I' d use to conclude; to sum up sounds a bit informal to me, though correct.

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