I'd like to find an alternative for "compared to", in order to avoid repeating the same phrase in my scientific paper.

Is there any alternative for this expression?

  • Can you give the phrase context?
    – user66974
    Apr 13, 2014 at 16:22
  • For example; Compared to the previous study, our results could not show the difference between A and B. The score for A was low compared to their score.
    – Doctora
    Apr 13, 2014 at 16:39
  • In comparison with the previous studies...or, If we juxtapose our results with the previous studies.
    – user66974
    Apr 13, 2014 at 17:04
  • 1
    When results are different, in contrast is a good phrase to use: "In contrast to the previous study, our results did not show the difference..."
    – user39720
    Apr 13, 2014 at 17:58

5 Answers 5


Vis-à-vis is a possibility. Literally, it means face to face, but it can also be used as an expression of comparison.

"Vis-à-vis our previous study, our results could not show the difference between A and B. The score for A was low, compared to their [its?] score." (Is the referent of "their" "our previous study"? I'm not sure.)

Other possibilities include

  • In relation to our previous study . . .

  • In terms of our previous study . . .

  • Comparing our previous study with our current study . . .

  • Putting the two studies side by side, we found that . . .

  • In a comparison between the former study and the current study, we found that . . .

  • in comparison with (just another way of saying the same thing)

"We were unable to confirm Joe's report of differences between... "

"In our hands, Joe's results were irreproducible, with differences between A and B limited to less than two sigma."

  • What do you mean by "less than two sigma"? Sigma means "summation", then, what is "two" about?
    – Doctora
    Apr 14, 2014 at 4:13
  • Sigma is the standard deviation of the data. "For particle physics, the sigma used is the standard deviation arising from a normal distribution of data, familiar to us as a bell curve. In a perfect bell curve, 68% of the data is within one standard deviation of the mean, 95% is within two, and so on." blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2012/07/17/… Apr 14, 2014 at 10:23

Consider "collate."

collate: to compare (texts, statements, etc.)in order to note points of agreement or disagreement.


Records will be stored and collated with other information collected at other times and places.

Also, consider "set (or pit) against one another."

Setting these figures against the stock of foreigners broken down by nationality reveals different degrees of attractiveness.


"Versus" would work, but may be considered excessively formal and somewhat stilted.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.