I'm looking for the English equivalent to the German word Manufaktur.

Basically, a Manufaktur is just a factory, but in German it is assigned with "premium" and "hand-made". The term comes up as a little bit old-fashioned, but it is used for factories that work in a rock-solid way and produce very high quality products.

When you call a factory a Manufaktur, you think of the products as being "art", not just "products". E.g., there may be a Manufaktur for jewelry or watches. But also luxury and premium-brand clothes are made in a Manufaktur, not just in a factory.

The Latin origin (manus = hand, facere = to make) has a big influence to the German meaning of the word.

When I looked it up in the dictionary, I was given manufactory and manufacture as translations. A little Googling pointed me in the direction that both words are highly assigned with industrial production - and the premium approach is not given in the English word.

So, to cut a long story short: What might be an appropriate translation of the German word "Manufaktur"?

  • It has become fashionable to create a somewhat similar flavour in advertising by characterising products as handcrafted.
    – jsw29
    Apr 22 at 20:43

5 Answers 5


I have seen Manufaktur translated as Studio.

Although more normally a place to produce artworks or designs, it has connotations in English of a place where quality articles are hand-made, or at least hand-finished.

  • 1
    I think "studio" is quite generic however, so when translating if back, it's most likely not "Manufaktur".
    – U. Windl
    Sep 7, 2022 at 6:06

One definition of a "workshop" is "a small establishment where manufacturing or handicrafts are carried on".

These tend to be smaller than factories, but the real difference is that they don't mass-produce, tending towards high-quality, small-scale production.

There is also "studio", but that tends to be for much smaller scale, personal art/design products/projects.

"Boutique manufacturer" is also an option, where "boutique" = "a small company that offers highly specialized services or products".

Wikipedia sums up this concept well:

Boutique manufacturing is a method used for the custom production of certain products in limited quantities by hand or with a restricted level of automation. Products produced this way often include ceramics, furniture, amplifiers, yachts, boats, leather goods or watches and jewellery among others. In industrial countries, boutique manufacturing is being selected generally for high class goods in upper price levels and only for single products or small batches.

  • The most common use of "studio" is for a room where an individual artist works, but it also has a lot of other uses; maybe more commonly for design than manufacture though.
    – Stuart F
    Sep 8, 2022 at 8:25

Consider artisan workshop. For example, Wiktionary defines artisan as:

A skilled manual worker who uses tools and machinery in a particular craft.

This captures the aspect of manual work. As opposed to manual worker or manual workshop, it says something on skill and thus implies a quality of the product.

While the term may be somewhat clunky when referring to the workshop itself, you can quite easily refer to the products by using artisan or artisanal as an adjective, such as in:

I’ve got some artisanal popcorns to gauge the mouthfeel of.


you must get away from the word and turn to the sense to find an equivalent; Manufaktur in the German sense is not necessarily “where” a product is made but “how”. So go with something like “hand made” or “bespoke craftsmanship” or “exclusive quality and design” or artisanal/artisan as the former commenter stated is also a good choice

  • 2
    Your answer could be improved with additional supporting information. Please edit to add further details, such as citations or documentation, so that others can confirm that your answer is correct. You can find more information on how to write good answers in the help center.
    – Community Bot
    Apr 22 at 20:09



2.a. A place where a product is manufactured; a factory or workshop, now esp. one where articles are handmade.

1641 For intertayneing and erecting of Manufactories for cloathe... Forsamelke as the want of manufactories. Acts of Parliament of Scotland (1870) vol. V. 657

1992 Richard Arkwright..established in Cromford, in Derbyshire, in 1771, the world's first successful manufactory, which brought people together under one roof to do what they had been doing separately in their cottages. Church Times 26 June 7/3

  • The OP seems to be seeking a term that is regularly used in the present-day English for something that exists in the present-day world.
    – jsw29
    Apr 23 at 16:52
  • @jsw29 is 1992 not recent enough? Did you note the bolded in the definition? Have you seen: 1. Manufactory Apparel: Custom Skydiving Gear & Performance ... manufactoryapparel.com. Also wikidata.org/wiki/Q380342 Produktionsstätte, deren handwerkliche Arbeitsprozesse die Fertigung eines gemeinsamen Endprodukts zum Ziel haben The word is not common (as the concept isn't either - it is generally old-fashioned but becoming fashionable) but it is in use.
    – Greybeard
    Apr 24 at 11:35
  • The 1992 example is about something that happened in 1771, and intentionally uses the language of that era.
    – jsw29
    Apr 24 at 16:29

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.