He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee.

Why is charge uncountable here?

God gave Joshua a charge.

In this case, it is countable.

I can't find authoritative sources.

  • Because thee is singular. – Elliott Frisch Mar 12 '14 at 16:38
  • But countables work with singular: "He shall give bananas to thee". – nxx Mar 12 '14 at 16:50
  • What religion is that? It sounds a-peeling. – user24964 Mar 12 '14 at 18:05

Various senses of charge are given at the Macmillan entry. Look at the tags (countable; countable/uncountable; singular) added to each.

However, three 'phrases' [I'd say idioms] containing the noun 'charge' are also given:

in charge [of]

in someone's charge

take charge [of]

None of these idiomatic usages inflects.

The old-fashioned 'give them charge over' is a relative of 'in someone's charge' and similarly does not inflect. A similar idiom that is common today is 'give them control over', where 'control' does not inflect.

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