In a college essay I wrote a sentence that reads:

Sixteen years later, my chosen path has afforded to me unique opportunities, limitless learning, and potential for growth.

Should I use the verb offered or afforded? After that, should I use to me, or me?

  • Afford is transitive in all its senses. Your question title, as stated, makes no sense. BTW, afford has indirect object me and direct object unique ... growth, and has undergone Dative Movement here, so there should be no to. Just like He gave me the ball instead of *He gave to me the ball. – John Lawler Mar 11 '14 at 17:52
  • @JohnLawler - John, I found this explanation of dative alternation (glottopedia.org/index.php/Dative_alternation), and, if I understand it correctly, the OP's questions fits the PP NP form. But in that explanation it also says "PP NP structures though regarded as ungrammatically can seldom be found." This looks like a misprint, but my question is should it say "grammatical" or "ungrammatical"? (Or maybe I misunderstand the article.) – Canis Lupus Mar 11 '14 at 19:35
  • I have no idea what the author might have meant. The Dative Alternation has two alternate forms in simple cases: Vb + IO + DO, and Vb + DO + to IO. Only the second form is allowed when the DO is a pronoun (i.e, Give it to him but not *Give him it.) The first form has, as noted, no to marking the IO. – John Lawler Mar 11 '14 at 19:43

Afforded me is proper. Yours has no grammaticality, alas; so your title is ungrammatical.

Your chosen path could have provided (you with...); given (you...); granted (you with); guided (you to...); cleared way (to...); brought (you to...); paved the way (for...); and plenty more. Though the one you chose is erroneous in its nature!


You should just use me, as in afforded me. Afford in this sense means to provide.


This is correct:

My path currently affords me unique and limitless learning opportunities with potential for growth in the area(s) of [list area(s)].

Hope this helps.

  • 1
    Hello Kate. OP has apparently not returned for almost a year, and the answers above were adequate. – Edwin Ashworth Feb 14 '15 at 2:17

Yes, it is transitive. So,

...[H]as afforded me unique opportunities....

The Free Dictionary-Collins Complete and Unabridged

  1. to give, yield, or supply: the meeting afforded much useful information

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