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Verbs kind of confuse me so excuse me if this sounds like a dumb question but:

She allowed him one meal a day

vs.

She let him one meal a day

  • Why exactly do I have to include the verb have in the second sentence?
  • Why is it that I can include the verb have in the first sentence as well but that it has to be in full infinitive form ("She allowed him have one meal a day" vs. "She allowed him to have one meal a day")?
  • Are there terms for verbs with these requirements (like *transitive)?

3 Answers 3

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Allow takes part in certain single-object constructions:

They allow talking in the library.

But it is usually used in DOCs (double-object constructions):

They allow you one phone call.

She allowed him one meal a day.

It is also used in complex catenations with a direct object and a to-infinitive:

They allowed him to go.

The double-object constructions are probably reduced forms of catenations:

She allowed him [to have] one meal a day.

.........................

Let (the sense meaning permit) is used mainly in complex catenations with a bare infinitive:

They let him go/stay/speak/buy a bottle of wine.

She let him have one meal a day.

It is sometimes apparently monotransitive, as the bare infinitive may be dropped in informal contexts:

Did they let him? [verb understood from previous context]

But it is never used in double-object constructions.

...........................

Permit is used mainly in complex catenations with a to-infinitive:

They permitted him to stay.

Though it is used sometimes in double-object constructions:

She permitted him one kiss.

And sometimes monotransitively:

We do not permit smoking in the dormitory.

I've removed the term 'ditransitive': using the strict definition, it is applied to constructions equivalent to an oblique dative, with a to-[prepositional] phrase:

He have her the book.             [ditransitive]       ↔       He gave the book to her.

whereas

He baked her a cake.             [benefactive]       ↔          He baked a cake for her.

shows the corresponding benefactive DOC, corresponding to a sentence with a for-[prepositional] phrase.

They allow you one phone call. is neither, but certainly a DOC.

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    'She let him a room' means she rented him the room. This probably would not apply to a meal.
    – Oldcat
    Feb 28, 2014 at 17:56
  • I knew I should have checked whether let = allow and let = hire out were different polysemes rather than different lexemes. I've amended the above. Feb 28, 2014 at 18:07
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It seems to me that allowed and let are not syntactically synonyms. Similar to watch and look. While similar concepts. The sentences "I watched TV." and "I looked at TV." are both correct, but we had to add the at.

Allowed seems like it implies a quantity already, where let is more like permitted. It's missing something, "She permitted him one meal a day." makes only slightly more sense than "She let him one meal a day.". Permitting and letting both don't specify what action is permitted, and so require another verb. Allowed gets away with this because it's like saying "let have" or "permitted to have" (while the sentence will sometimes need to be reorganized, like "permitted him to have"). The have concept is already included?

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  • Permitted and allowed here sound perfectly interchangeable to me.
    – Wooble
    Feb 28, 2014 at 16:16
  • Permitted implies a shade more proactivity, allowed is a bit more passive but yes, they are very close in meaning.
    – Oldcat
    Feb 28, 2014 at 18:55
  • "let" is often more like "didn't stop" - "She let him go" can mean she explicitly gave permission (e.g. your mother letting you go to a party), or just that she didn't do anything to stop him going (letting someone leave the room, meaning not saying "don't go" or locking the door).
    – Stuart F
    5 hours ago
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Allowed is acceptable in this context as it indicates that she 'allowed him to have' and there can be no confusion about what it means.

However, she let could cause some confusion, as it could possibly mean that she rented him a meal. 'To let' is also used to mean to rent out: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/let_3

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