Following John's lead, I found this discussion of Vendler's Each and Every, Any and All (1962) in
Vendler describes the differences between each, every, and all in
terms of collective reference vs. individual reference. His theory is
that all is collective, while each and every are distributive.
We thus have differences like
- You can buy each of these items for $5 (distributive)
- You can buy all of these items for $5 (collective)
Every, on the other hand, can be seen as a quantification over all the
distributive attributions so that "every is between each and all" in
meaning (p. 77). We thus get — according to my intuitions — slightly
more ambiguous examples with every:
- You can buy every one of these items for $5
According to my intuition, this could lean towards both a collective
($5 in total) and a distributive reading ($5 per item).