17

As in:

Many factors are to blame for this disaster, such as: «bulleted list»

3
  • I want to state that I'm just giving some examples, among many factors. Mar 4, 2011 at 15:57
  • Better to exclude "such as," since it doesn't contribute any useful information.
    – Neil
    Mar 4, 2011 at 15:58
  • 1
    Note that some style guides advise against using an incomplete sentence before a colon; that is, both what comes before the colon and what comes after should be grammatically independent sentences, which could theoretically stand on their own. They recommend either "many factors are to blame for this disaster: <list>", or "many factors are to blame for this disaster, such as these: <list>". Many others would say it doesn't matter, though. Mar 4, 2011 at 16:03

6 Answers 6

15

A few possible options:

  • Many factors are to blame for this disaster, including[, but not limited to*, the following]:
  • Many factors are to blame for this disaster, some of which are:
  • Many factors are to blame for this disaster. These include:
  • Many factors are to blame for this disaster, e.g.

but not limited to may be considered superfluous, as including does not indicate a complete list of the factors.

2
  • 4
    "but not limited to" is worth its weight in gold when you are dealing with a group looking for someone to blame. Sometimes you have to stress that the list isn't complete.
    – user1579
    Mar 4, 2011 at 17:33
  • Consider your audience. Unless you have high confidence that they know that "e.g." can be thought of as "for example" and that "i.e." can be thought of as "in other words," do not use either one. An advanced degree is no assurance that the audience understands this distinction, which seems to cause far more confusion than enlightenment. Jun 18, 2014 at 14:16
11

", for example:"

", like:"

", including:" [added in response to your comment]

or just ":"

2
  • But I want to state that I'm just giving some examples, among many factors. Mar 4, 2011 at 15:56
  • @John, all of these words suggest a non-comprehensive list. Sep 30, 2014 at 22:28
3

For focusing ideas and providing examples, the following discourse markers are suitable alternatives to such as and could introduce a list of bullet points.

Many factors are to blame for this disaster,...

  • as in the case of
  • as revealed by
  • as illustrated by
  • namely
  • in particular
  • among others
0

What about:

  • e.g. (exempli gratia), which means a “free example” in the sense that you're just throwing out an example of what you mean.

The other possibility is:

  • i.e., which is used to restate an idea more clearly or offer more information.
3
0

Many factors are to blame for this disaster, par exemple «bulleted list».

par exemple: (French) for example

3
  • Si on avait voulu une phrase étrangère, on aurait précisé cela, tu ne crois pas? :)
    – tchrist
    May 25, 2014 at 22:22
  • @tchrist I already heard some native speakers use "par exemple" for "for example." :-)
    – Elian
    May 25, 2014 at 22:26
  • I’m sure you have. It’s not so common as par excellence, but still.
    – tchrist
    May 25, 2014 at 23:02
-2

Some I've used in the past are:

  • . . .which include:
  • . . .including:
  • . . .for example:
  • . . .for instance:
  • . . .not to mention:
  • . . .in an event when:

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