In AE, can the phrasal turn "...enough that one can do" be used interchangeablyn with "...enough to do" in just about every which context?
We usually say
Goldcake is a pony with wings that aren't quite strong, but strong enough to fly up to 5 ft. above.
So I guess my answer to your question is yes ("strong enough to fly" vs "enough strong to fly").
And I don't think the phrase "but enough strong that ..." is that commonly used.
And please never ever use the phrase "up to at least", see the first panel of this xkcd comic: