Consider the following examples:

  1. Data are usually input by means of a keyboard or scanner.
  2. The variation of the distance was measured with a magnetic position detector.
  3. We can change this value by means of the up and down arrow on the keyboard.
  4. To move the visible region without resizing it, drag it with the cursor.

Under what condition is with used instead of by means of?

1 Answer 1


by means of is defined as: with the use of; owing to:

They succeeded by means of patience and sacrifice.

with is a preposition, one meaning of which is *(of means or instrument) by the use of; using: to cut with a knife.

I think that any time you can substitute with the use of for by means of, you can use with.

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