If questions have answers, then problems have ____?
I know it sounds simple but I am not sure what the best word is.
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There isn't a single good answer to this question, because not all problems are similar in scope or character; in other words, the same term ('problem') can refer to numerous different situations, each requiring a different type of response.
Specifically, they occupy a spot along numerous continuums simultaneously. For instance:
Simple - complex
Acute - chronic (or temporary - perennial)
Practical - theoretical
Universal - individual
Political - individual / personal
Severe impact - trivial impact
Personal - institutional / national
Recurring - non-repeating / one-off
Existential - discrete / one-off
Anthropogenic cause - natural cause
Emotionally engaging or emotive - no emotional importance
Has moral dimension - no moral dimension involved
Has emotionally-based / subjective (re)solution - has logical / objective (re)solution
Can / must be (re)solved by an individual - can / must be (re)solved collectively
Impossible or difficult to fix - easy to fix
Expensive to fix - Inexpensive or costless to fix
And there are doubtless many other possible continuums.
The fact that a given problem lies somewhere along so many different continuums at once inevitably causes us to conceptualize different problems in different ways (indeed, some problems can even turn out to be non-problems).
We may also conceptualize them differently according to how much personal insight or professional knowledge we have about them.
As with the problems, so with the corresponding responses. For instance, a problem may be dealt with in many different ways. It may be:
Left to fester
Considered to be unsolvable
Minimized as unimportant
Palmed off on someone else
Given insufficient attention
Given too much attention
It may sometimes elicit multiple responses, whether from one individual, or from multiple individuals or even nations.