Understanding that "given that" and "granted that" are both used to mark the premise of an argument (or conditions that are assumed to be true), and the actual meaning is almost identical, I have to catch the nuance.

Is there a colloquial difference between them? Is this a difference in register? Is "granted that" literary/academic?

As for the amount of Google hits, "given that" is used about twenty times more.


Given that X introduces proposition X as a fact which will be a basis of your subsequent discourse. The proposition is ‘given’ before you start your argument.

Given that John is an internationally renowned scholar, I think we may trust his professional judgment.

Granted that X usually concedes proposition X as a fact which your subsequent discourse must overcome.

Granted that John is an internationally renowned scholar, I think that in this case he is mistaken.

Occasionally you will find granted that X used to mean Assuming that you agree that X—in that case, you proceed as with given that X:

We have now surveyed John’professional qualifications. Granted that he is an internationally renowned scholar, I think we are called upon to trust his professional judgment.

| improve this answer | |
  • I don't see any difference between "granted that" and "given that" from your first and second examples. Can "given that" be used as a reason? -----Like: given her strong sense of social justice, Fiat vehemently protested her party's failure to support a tax decrease.------ Here, her strong sense is the reason for her vehement protest. – most venerable sir Jul 16 '15 at 0:04
  • @Doeser Neither given that nor granted that is used to explain someone else's action; they are used to speak about the judgment which you yourself express in the main clause. The difference between them is, as I say,that given that advances a proposition which supports your judgment, while granted that concedes a proposition which on its face denies your judgment. – StoneyB on hiatus Jul 16 '15 at 0:17
  • Is it the same "Granted that John is an internationally renowned scholar, I think that he is mistaken" than "If John is an internationally renowned scholar, I think that he is mistaken"? – skan Dec 10 '18 at 19:33
  • @skan No. "Granted that" concedes that John is in fact an internationally renowned scholar. – StoneyB on hiatus Dec 10 '18 at 20:03

I would argue the reverse of your assumption: "granted that" seems to me more awkward and more colloquial than "given that." In particular, "given that" is the standard choice in science and engineering papers; I've never seen "granted that" in an article, a monograph, or a textbook.

In fact, I think I would most likely only use "granted" without "that":

Granted, he is a bit of a boor.

| improve this answer | |

given that and granted that are both correct. it all depends on the contet of usage. in many legal documents given that ad granted that is used a lot. but in everyday english. owing that is preferably used

| improve this answer | |
  • I hear "given that" and "granted that" far more often than "owing that". – Hot Licks Oct 15 '14 at 18:59

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.