At the risk of saying something foolish, I won't attempt to answer the question myself. I understand that all three synchronically more or less equivalent and substitutable, but it would be quite nice to know the traditional usage notes on the abbreviations.

  • shouldn't the acceptable abbreviation for page be pg. as well as the others? my English teacher has been spelling it her whole life?
    – user51641
    Commented Sep 10, 2013 at 21:24

3 Answers 3


As far as I know, pg. is not an acceptable form, at least in formal writing. The correct forms are p. for a single page, and pp. for a range.

In many cases, actually, you don't need any of them. Quite commonly you'll find references in the form volume:page(s), like 5:204 or 8:99–108 (or, for works of a single volume, something like Blah Blah Blah 108).

  • 6
    Not forgetting the ubiquitous ibid 39. Commented Mar 1, 2011 at 2:27
  • 6
    In law, at is used to indicate a page number. Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, at 114.
    – msh210
    Commented Mar 30, 2011 at 15:27
  • 1
    There's more subtlety in it. Use p. if the source is a page or less long. For example, precede page numbers for newspaper articles and book chapters with p. or pp. (from APA Style Website )
    – taper
    Commented Mar 2, 2017 at 8:39
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    What to use if I cited from multiple pages in one place, each citation is from a single page? p. 1, 3, 5, or p.1, p.3, p. 5?
    – bruin
    Commented Dec 2, 2019 at 10:17
  • @bruin I have seen it as pp. 1, 3, 5, but I do not speak with authority. Commented Dec 7, 2019 at 9:25

The APA style of referencing, which I have most frequently used, requires that p. is used for single page references or citations (Book Title, p. 13) while for multiple pages you must cite it as (pp. 35-40). So p stands for page, pp stands for pages. I have not encountered pg to be used, but I do use it in informal note taking.

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    I’ve never heard of pg before; even Spanish uses p and pp for página(s), not pg.
    – tchrist
    Commented Jun 29, 2013 at 19:10
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    In my native language the word for page is also pagina, so maybe that's where I got it from, because in school we used to use pg.
    – Corina
    Commented Jun 29, 2013 at 20:52

Per Strunk and White's Elements of Style, p. is used to denote 1 page, pp. to denote a range of pages. This form of citation is used when you are using brief/in text citations. Otherwise, one would use the citation style for the type of formal paper that you are writing, for example, MLA would be "don't do it wrong" (Author's Last name 45) where the numbers indicate the page number where the quote is found, and the author's full name will be listed (along with other details about the source) in your works cited list.

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