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It is said that e.g. (informally also written as eg.) is a abbreviated Latin phrase used in place of "for example".

Reference: here, here & here

Example:

Asia is a large continent containing many large nations (For example, China, India and Russia).

can also be written as the following by replacing "For example" by "e.g"

Asia is a large continent containing many large nations (e.g., China, India and Russia).

Is this "replacement" also valid when used in a case like this:

... and that is why Democratic countries often end up with higher rate of corruption. Take US & India for example.

Can the last sentence of above example be rewritten as:

Take US & India e.g.

P.S.

I know that somehow it is incorrect but I am not aware of the reason.

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    No. In this case, use English: for example as it is. Use the abbreviation e.g., (not eg.) before a list of examples, as in the earlier sentence.
    – Kris
    Jan 2, 2014 at 8:50
  • Or you can find a style guide allowing eg without the full stops (though I've never found one recommending the terminal usage you ask about). Remember that guides are guides, not the Ten Commandments, and always be wary when you meet a guideline saying 'Do it this way [ie the way that I prefer]'. I can even point you to one saying you shouldn't use these so-called 'Latin abbreviations' (e.g. / eg. /eg; op cit; etc; et al . . .) at all. Jan 2, 2014 at 9:26
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    I'd just like to point out that 'Take US and India for example' is not a complete sentence anyway, regardless of the e.g./for example argument.
    – bamboo
    Jan 2, 2014 at 13:09
  • @bamboo In what way is it not a complete sentence? The use of 'take' for 'consider' is allowable, and the 'for example' is a parenthetical, a pragmatic phrase. Apr 2, 2015 at 23:51

2 Answers 2

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All the relevant information seems already to be in this thread, so this is "icing" on the pre-existing "cake".

The reason that "e.g." should introduce a list rather than terminate the giving of an example lies in the Latin itself. "exempli" = "(an) example", "gratia" = "for the sake of". The natural sense, then, is to supply a helpfulexample or examples (but not exhaustive list) for something just mentioned.

"For example" is a common gloss for the Latin "exempli gratia", but not a precise translation. "E.g.", then, shouldn't simply be used wherever "for example" can be used.

In short, and to cite the authority of Brian Garner, Garner's Modern American Usage (OUP, 2009), p. 295, "e.g. introduces representative examples" (emphasis added). One might add, by implication, "it doesn't conclude them".

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  • No; the reason that "e.g." should introduce a list rather than terminate the giving of an example lies in the fact that that's the way it's almost always used today. As Garner says. Appeals to Latin as justifications are almost invariably examples of the etymological fallacy. Apr 2, 2015 at 23:56
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No; 'e. g.' is to be used preceding a list of examples, but you cannot use it to replace the words 'for example' when they are simply the words which terminate a sentence. See this page for details on both 'e. g.' and its oft-conflated cousin, 'i. e.'

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  • You are right. Find some authentic source that says so, and, presto! you've got the 'answer'. (My comment is not an authentic source lol.)
    – Kris
    Jan 2, 2014 at 8:52
  • Will that link do?
    – DopeGhoti
    Jan 2, 2014 at 8:56
  • That doesn't seem to explain the present case.
    – Kris
    Jan 2, 2014 at 11:28

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