The shops are open only until 5.30. they will be closed by now.
The shops are open only by 5.30. they will be closed by now.
Would you kindly tell me the differences that are in the sentences? I mean the difference between UNTIL 5.30 and by 5.30.
In addition, I wonder the reason why it has been used the tense future, that is
they will be closed by now. !
(I am learning English. would you possibly elaborate your explanations in details readily?)
I think I'll be wait by/until thursday before making a decision.
which one and WHY?
Thank you so much, but my last question:
Are these the acceptable reasons for your previous arguments about that you did not agree with "by 5.30"?, because when we use the following sentence as if the shops are closed twice- for example: once at 3 o'clock and the other one at 7 o'clock or after 5.30
The shops are only open by 5.30. They will be closed by now. ................. As a preposition of time “by” means “on or before”.
She should be here by Sunday.
This means she ought to be here e,g. on Friday or Saturday but definitely not later than Sunday. Use “by” when you refer to a deadline.
“Until” means “up to a particular time but no sooner than that."
The shops are open only until 5.30.
They will not close sooner than 5.30.