I am trying to capitalize Western Canada or western Canada properly and am wanting a definition for when the "ern" is added as a suffix to a locational distinction of a proper noun. I believe the capitalization is related to the suffix and am grouping two questions.
After researching on the internet I have found a trend that areas of discrete area become capitalized along with their proper noun
- East New York
- West Hollywood
- East London (Britain)
- East Los Angeles
Some locations have "ern" added to their locational modifier.
Web Examples (from government sites):
- eastern Canada (http://www.thunderbay.ca/Living/About_Thunder_Bay/city_profile.htm
- Western Canada (http://www.wd-deo.gc.ca/eng/243.asp)
All the examples listed contain discrete areas. The "ern" suffix is used for larger areas, but I am unable to determine when an area becomes large enough.