- Here is the documents needed.
- Here are the documents needed.
Which is grammatically correct and why? My guess would be the second one because of the plural form.
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The fixed presentational phrase Here/There is/are ...,
as well as the existential phrase There is/are ...,
are prone to contraction, like all fixed phrases.
But contraction with are is difficult with here and there, because they already end with /r/,
so adding another /ər/ syllable afterwards makes it hard to hear the difference.
Consequently they are uncommon as contractions in the language. However, it's extremely common to use the singular monosyllabic contraction (Here's, There's) even before a plural noun phrase.
This is because the subject does not precede the auxiliary, but rather the reverse. English number agreement works only forward, except for archaic and vertiginously pedantic constructions like Here am I or There is he.
Consequently the way these would be said in normal conversation is
As for whether to write these, that depends on your relation with your Inner Grammar Teacher.
I did a google search for both "Here are examples" and "Here is examples". The former got 360,000 search results. The latter got 5,270,000 results. If nothing else, "Here are the documents" is less likely to make the reader do a double take.
As for which is technically correct, I'm unsure. Several sources suggest that words like "Here" and "There" are exceptions and should not be treated as the subjects of sentences, meaning that you're deciding the subject/verb agreement by the plurality of "documents" in this case, so that "are" is correct.
Here is the documents needed. (incorrect)
Here are the documents needed. (correct)
A noun names a thing. The noun determines whether the verb is singular or plural. Here, you have the noun documents. That means the verb must be plural.
Here is a document. (singular) Here are the documents. (plural)
This holds true for all plural nouns. Some nouns are always plural (e.g. clothes) so they require the plural form of the verb.
If you click on the tag labelled plurals, you can read more about it.