When you refer to the deceased, you say "the late so and so." How long can you say that? Is JFK referred to as the late John F. Kennedy? How about Abraham Lincoln?

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    OK OP, three simultaneous answers all saying pretty much the same thing :) Commented Dec 11, 2013 at 11:26
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    It appears the euphemism "late" is used to remind people of someone's passing, but also soften the notion that they're for someone who might not already know (but who wasn't close to the person who died). Commented Dec 11, 2013 at 13:19
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    This is a late parrot.
    – Ste
    Commented Dec 11, 2013 at 13:56
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    Only for as long as the subject remains dead. Commented Dec 11, 2013 at 22:22
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    I don't think you should be so unkind as to call someone who's late a so-and-so. :)
    – Hammerite
    Commented Dec 12, 2013 at 16:24

7 Answers 7


There is no set limit to how long one can refer to a deceased person as late.

The consensus of opinion seems to hover around 15–30 years. However, if the person is unknown to the audience, one can use it for much longer (my late husband can refer to someone who died 50 years ago).

The late William Safire (December 17, 1929 – September 27, 2009), American author, columnist, journalist, presidential speechwriter, and all-around expert on speech, suggested 15 years.

Edited to add references and limerick.

There was a young man in a car,
Who said to his father, "Papa,
If you drive at this rate
We will surely be late,
Drive faster!" He did, and they are.

From: Harper Dictionary of Contemporary Usage, Second Edition (1985) William and Mary Morris: There is no precise time element involved in determining how long a person must be dead before he is no longer considered late. As a general rule, late is used in reference to persons whose death has occurred within the twenty or thirty years just past. On the other hand, it is proper for an elderly person to refer to a contemporary who has preceded him in death as "the late."

Webster's Dictionary of English Usage (1989): ...Here are a few opinions: ...the statute of limitations might run for half a century" --Bernstein 1971 "As a general rule, late is used in reference to persons whose death has occurred within the twenty or thirty years just past" --Harper 1975 "... 'the late' is used for about ten to fifteen years after death" --Safire 1984

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    Do you have any references for 'consensus of opinion'? I ask because I don't agree -and- I haven't seen any other suggestions for time range. There is 'no set limit' could be either that it's vague or that there is no upper limit. Of course there's an upper limit. 100 years seems to do it for me. The wife saying 50 years sounds a little weird using it.
    – Mitch
    Commented Dec 11, 2013 at 15:54
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    @Mitch The issue with the wife neglecting "late" is social in nature; unless she introduced herself as "The widow, Mrs. Brown", how is a stranger to anticipate that her husband is currently deceased? If the widow is already on a first-name basis with her conversation partner, then referring to her deceased husband by his first name, with the inherent understanding that he is still dead, likely isn't a stretch. If she is not introduced as such, however, saying "late" prevents any socially-agile person from asking about the current state of her husband, out of politeness.
    – LetterEh
    Commented Dec 11, 2013 at 19:21
  • @Norguard: Yes, I get the social nature. But in most English speaking cultures, to use 'late' by a widow 50 years on sounds like a misuse of 'late'. 'late' means 'recently deceased', and 'recent' though vague and context dependent still doesn't mean 'forever'.
    – Mitch
    Commented Dec 11, 2013 at 19:56
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    @Mitch I wouldn't consider it "recent", so much as a disambiguation. If you are dealing with a group of people, where the majority of that group understands that the subject is dead, then "late" is redundant; the living-state of the subject is no longer ambiguous. If the vitality of the subject is indeed ambiguous, then "late" is a suitable adjective, which skirts the necessity to explain that they are, indeed deceased. "Ex-husband" and "Former husband" are not specific enough, and "dead husband" might be too curt for conversation with strangers (depending on the particular company).
    – LetterEh
    Commented Dec 11, 2013 at 21:18
  • @Susan: - Re: consensus - what answers are you looking at? Are they on another site (please give links then). Of all the answers I see here only yours mentions a time. Re: widows - she may have a right, but it still sounds weird. If we're talking language, not etiquette, then she'll be considered using the word wrong. Your answer would lead people who don't know to start using 'late' any time after anyone's death, and that is just not the case.
    – Mitch
    Commented Dec 11, 2013 at 21:57

You can say it for as long as you like, they're dead forever. The late X is a euphemism for the dead X.

People stop when the fact that someone is dead is general knowledge, but they don't have to stop.

It's useful if there is a living famous person with the same name as a dead famous person.

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    If there are two dead people, is one of them referred to as 'the later' ;)
    – user13107
    Commented Dec 12, 2013 at 8:16
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    What I especially like about your last line is that you can have a dead, famous person and a "dead famous" person. :)
    – Ste
    Commented Dec 12, 2013 at 14:05
  • @Josh61 please use English Language & Usage Chat for chatting. I'm in chat. Commented Dec 18, 2014 at 15:02

There is no limit, it's just a matter of style. It kind of seems superfluous at some point, especially if you're speaking of somebody everybody you're speaking to knows is dead and has long stopped grieving.

EDIT: This is a point of style, not correctness. The one time I might use "the late" when referring to a long dead person is when I'm specifically trying to emphasize the tragedy of the death. For instance, if I were speaking to The United States Secret Service about the folly of convertible tops in cars used for Presidential motorcades, I might refer to JFK as "the late".


The Oxford English Dictionary’s definition 5a of late ‘Of a person: That was alive not long ago, but is not now; recently deceased.’ Just what period of time ‘long ago’ and ‘recently’ refer to is a matter of judgement.

In the cases of Lincoln and Kennedy, it’s not necessary to use it, because everyone knows they’re dead.

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    Dead? I didn't even know they were sick!
    – Michael
    Commented Dec 12, 2013 at 18:24

It depends on whether you want the highlight the fact that they are dead. You wouldn't say "the late JFK", because everybody knows he's dead. If you are, say, talking about a present her late husband gave her, that's another story. So, short answer: it depends.


The following entry by Garner in Modern American Usage (p499) addresses several of the points made by previous answerers and commenters on this question:

late. A. the late. This expression is elliptical for lately (i.e., recently) deceased. How long this can be used of a dead person depends on how recently that person died, but anything more than five years or so is going to strike most readers as odd (e.g., the late John F. Kennedy). Of course, there's no absolute statute of limitations; the question is whether a fair number of reasonable readers would know or need to be reminded that the person has died. But the expression offers more than just a reminder. It also offers a note of respect - and perhaps even a touch of sorrow. So in the fall of 1997 people said the late Princess Diana not because anyone needed to be reminded that she had died in August of that year - everyone knew it - but because people mourned her death. By the same token, a widowed spouse might continue to use my late husband or my late wife.


There is no "official" time limit but in practical terms, "the late…" clearly applies while most, prolly while many and possibly while any of that person's contemporaries is still around.

Special exemptions might include when a grandchild bore the same full name.

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