Was just reading The $100 Startup and came across this sentence:

Happily, the launch was successful.

Is this a dangling modifier (not sure if that's what it's called)? Or some other error? It seems to me that it's the launch here in the sentence that's going about its business happily, not the author.


1 Answer 1


It’s a disjunct, also known as a sentence adverb, which expresses the attitude of the writer towards the event described. It is not an error.

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