2D art encompasses all kinds of art made in 2 dimensions, which obviously excludes sculpture.
‘Graphic arts’ is not really a good answer because it refers to ‘graphics’ ie things that are written or engraved or scratched (graphic is from the greek for ‘writing, drawing’, ‘graphics’ does not encompass painting, although in modern times ‘graphics’ use has been expanded to ‘graphic design’ which means illustrations and commercial designs like packaging etc). Graphic arts does however include printmaking.
Fine art such as painting, collage, multi-media is expressly not included in ‘graphic arts’.
Graphic design or graphics does not come under the general term of ‘fine art’ - it is normally seen (by art schools) as a separate discipline of ‘graphic design’.
If you want to specifically exclude graphics then say ‘2D fine art’.
Photography is a separate discipline as well and is not usually in the ‘fine art’ or ‘graphics’ category.
Animation does not come under ‘art’ or ‘fine art’.
Lastly, different creation media that are not strictly ‘fine art’ - can become so, if the artist does something with it, that makes it ‘art’. For example, Cynthia Sherman is ‘a photographer’ but because she takes photographs of herself in various guises, eg, dressed as a queen, etc. to make a social or artistic comment, this makes her work ‘art’.
Andy Warhol made prints of Campbell’s soup and other brands, which you could say were ‘graphic design’ but because of the way he did it and coloured it, and more, because of the meaning behind it, his work is deemed to be ‘art’ or ‘fine art’.