I was wondering about one of the meanings of effervesce, "give off bubbles". I wonder if you could use effervesce for a solid, and how it's used in a sentence.
Literally, to effervesce is to release trapped gases from within. This is the currently understood meaning and is how the word is used at present.
However, the original meaning has little to do with bubbles as such.
1650s, "the action of boiling up," from French effervescence (1640s), from Latin effervescentem, present participle of effervescere "to boil up, boil over," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + fervescere "begin to boil," from fervere "be hot, boil" (see brew). Figurative sense of "liveliness" is from 1748. Related: Effervescency.
Since only fluids (liquids and gases) can boil, it is natural to apply the concept only to them and not to solids.
Solids are said to merely "release trapped gases:"
fracturing rock to release trapped gas
fracture the shale rock to open pores and release trapped gas and oil
Shale has a low permeability and thus doesn't release trapped gas easily
In the pharmaceutical industry, usually tablet forms (compacted powders) that release gases in a similar way (when dropped into a glass of water) are classified as "effervescent solids". However, that should be considered a domain specific usage (jargon).
Effervesce, as a verb, can be applied to a liquid or gas. I am not aware of any valid application to a solid.
Of a liquid: give off small bubbles of gas
Of a gas: to issue or come forth as a gas.
An example: Alcohols effervesce as they begin to ferment.