Is there a clear categorization of tropes?

Some talk of the four master tropes (Metaphor, Synecdoche, Metonymy, Irony),
Whereas some give An extended, unsorted list of tropes

Some talk about the 13-18(?) types of metaphors,
Whereas some categorize types of tropes as matephors (Allegory, Parable...)

Is there a specific, clear categorization of Figures of speech?
So far from what I've gathered it may look like this:

  • Figures of speech
    • Schemes
    • Tropes
      • Metaphor
      • Synecdoche
      • Metonymy
      • Irony

Each trope is further subdivided, in a way I'm not yet sure of.
Is it even mildly correct?

  • You could start with Lakoff and Johnson's Metaphors We Live By, and then go the list here. – John Lawler Nov 17 '13 at 1:00
  • Thanks, though many of the links are broken. The book seems great though. – CrimsonKing Nov 17 '13 at 8:32

You are on the fringe of a vast subject here. This forms part of the immense study of rhetoric, which goes back at least as as far as Plato and Aristotle.

If you simply take a look at the Wiki entry on 'Figures of Speech' it will give you some idea of the sheer number of categories you might include. It also provides a bibliography, which you may find useful.

You should also, for starters, just look at the Wiki entry on 'Rhetoric'.

Hope this helps. It could easily become a life's work!

  • So...I guess that's a no?;) I thought that at least some subdivision is available. – CrimsonKing Nov 17 '13 at 8:31
  • @EladR As mentioned this is a vast and specialised subject on which I am not qualified to help you. You need to read the work of those with expertise in it. – WS2 Nov 17 '13 at 9:00

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