I'm looking for an online resource to list conjugation of some of most common English verbs (to be, to get, to do, to have etc.) in their archaic (Early Modern) forms. In particular, I'd be interested in conjugation for various tenses - I can easily find "am, art, is, are" and similar, but finding conjugation of "did" is not nearly as easy.

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  • For samples, just read some Shakespeare. – GEdgar Oct 28 '16 at 12:27

I haven't found a convenient resource, but there's really not much to say:


  • I am
  • thou art
  • he, she, it is
  • we, ye, they are

  • I, he, she, it was

  • thou wast
  • we, ye, they were


  • I, we, ye, they have
  • thou hast
  • he, she, it hath

  • I, he, she, it, we, ye, they had

  • thou hadst


  • I, we, ye, they do
  • thou dost
  • he, she, it doth

  • I, he, she, it, we, ye, they did

  • thou didst

Almost all other verbs are like do and have, with three forms in the present (eat, eatest, eateth) and two in the past (ate, atest). Sometimes the 'e' is omitted giving endings -st and -th. This is regular in the past (eg waitedst, and even the tongue-twister walkedst), and sporadically elsewhere, especially in poetry.

Edit: added the sentence about omitting the 'e'

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  • Very nice, thanks. Could you add "get" to the set yet? – SF. Nov 15 '13 at 12:12
  • No different, except for the doubling of the 't' (regular, as in getting, getter etc): gettest, getteth, gottest. – Colin Fine Nov 15 '13 at 12:18
  • thou gotst for past? – SF. Nov 15 '13 at 12:19
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    @SF Gottest ... but got'st was the ordinary contraction. "Where got'st thou that goose look" -Macbeth – StoneyB on hiatus Nov 15 '13 at 12:21
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    If Wiktionary gets it right, it should be "thou wast". "Thou wert" was the subjunctive form, to which "thou beest" would be the present tense equivalent. – user112758 Mar 6 '15 at 1:35

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