I'm looking for an online resource to list conjugation of some of most common English verbs (to be, to get, to do, to have etc.) in their archaic (Early Modern) forms. In particular, I'd be interested in conjugation for various tenses - I can easily find "am, art, is, are" and similar, but finding conjugation of "did" is not nearly as easy.

closed as off-topic by user140086, NVZ, Rand al'Thor, curiousdannii, Nathaniel Jun 16 '16 at 22:01

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • For samples, just read some Shakespeare. – GEdgar Oct 28 '16 at 12:27
up vote 8 down vote accepted

I haven't found a convenient resource, but there's really not much to say:

be

  • I am
  • thou art
  • he, she, it is
  • we, ye, they are

  • I, he, she, it was

  • thou wast
  • we, ye, they were

have

  • I, we, ye, they have
  • thou hast
  • he, she, it hath

  • I, he, she, it, we, ye, they had

  • thou hadst

do

  • I, we, ye, they do
  • thou dost
  • he, she, it doth

  • I, he, she, it, we, ye, they did

  • thou didst

Almost all other verbs are like do and have, with three forms in the present (eat, eatest, eateth) and two in the past (ate, atest). Sometimes the 'e' is omitted giving endings -st and -th. This is regular in the past (eg waitedst, and even the tongue-twister walkedst), and sporadically elsewhere, especially in poetry.

Edit: added the sentence about omitting the 'e'

  • Very nice, thanks. Could you add "get" to the set yet? – SF. Nov 15 '13 at 12:12
  • No different, except for the doubling of the 't' (regular, as in getting, getter etc): gettest, getteth, gottest. – Colin Fine Nov 15 '13 at 12:18
  • thou gotst for past? – SF. Nov 15 '13 at 12:19
  • 3
    @SF Gottest ... but got'st was the ordinary contraction. "Where got'st thou that goose look" -Macbeth – StoneyB Nov 15 '13 at 12:21
  • 3
    If Wiktionary gets it right, it should be "thou wast". "Thou wert" was the subjunctive form, to which "thou beest" would be the present tense equivalent. – user112758 Mar 6 '15 at 1:35

protected by tchrist Jun 12 '16 at 1:44

Thank you for your interest in this question. Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site (the association bonus does not count).

Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.