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I'm writing: "(...) in this way, we compromise precision, and the ability to reject spurious hypothesis (...)".

I'm looking for something like: "in this way, we compromise precision, and __".

  • There is no single word that specifically means “the ability to reject spurious hypotheses”—why on earth would there be? Not all spurious hypotheses should be rejected, while quite a few non-spurious ones should. – Janus Bahs Jacquet Nov 6 '13 at 1:35
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The actual answer is discrimination ("the perceiving, noting, or making a distinction or difference between things...the power of observing differences accurately, or of making exact distinctions", OED) but in non-technical contexts this has acquired such negative associations that you have to be very careful.

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This suggestion may not be narrow enough in scope, but discretion is what springs immediately to mind.

discretion - the freedom to decide what should be done in a particular situation

in this way, we compromise precision and discretion

  • No need for the comma after precision. – JLG Nov 5 '13 at 22:14
  • @JLG You might want to tell that to the OP. – Tyler James Young Nov 5 '13 at 23:56
  • @JLG I have removed the comma. Thanks for helping me to improve my answer. – Lumberjack Nov 6 '13 at 2:42
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Some possibilities are:

  • caution (we don't want to make a wrong decision)
  • exactness or exactitude
  • rigor (we want to examine things closely enough to make an informed decision)
  • skepticism (we maintain doubt until we see positive signs)

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