As the appreciation of justice and the desire to act to further it, conscience is based on a rational appreciation of the well-orderedness of a benign God's plan for the world. Thomas Acquina on the Passion by Robert Miner
Conscience can appreciate or generate the appreciation of justice, and can generate the desire to promote it, but it is different from them both. So to use the conjunction word “as”, for me, is to reduce conscience to things it generates. Therefore I think the sentence is written loosely. Do you have a better explanation which will do more justice to the author than my version?