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I have a question related to punctuations. Please tell me whether the following sentences are correct or not.

  1. Innodata is a company that provides BPO and KPO services.
  2. Innodata is a company providing BPO and KPO services.
  3. Innodata is a company, providing BPO and KPO services.

Is it always correct to replace "that" with a comma after changing the verb into "ing" form?

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Innodata is a company that provides BPO and KPO services.

Innodata is a company providing BPO and KPO services.

Both are correct and mean the same thing. The last option, however is not correct.

Innodata is a company, providing BPO and KPO services.

The clasue "providing PBO and KBO services" is a restricting clause: it limits the set of companies you're talking about. A comma is not used before a restricting clause.

Compare:

There is a boy playing in the garden.

This sentence does not refer to any boys not playing in the garden.

There's our son, playing in the garden.

This sentence is about "our son". It just so happens that he's playing in the garden. Hence this is a non-restricting clause and a comma is OK.

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