7

Erratic doesn't have a meaning related to error. It means eccentric, or unsteady instead. Error has its adjective form as erroneous and errant. So what is the noun of erratic?

  • I think you're stuck with 'proneness to error' for the sense I think you mean (making mistakes). You can argue that this should be considered an open compound (rather than a mere collocation) which is then a 'compound noun'. – Edwin Ashworth Oct 14 '13 at 15:50
  • Check a dictionary. It doesn't have an English noun to derive from because it came directly from French and Latin adjectives. Google [ define erratic ] or visit etymonline.com. – MetaEd Oct 15 '13 at 3:07
14

ODO shows erraticism as the noun.

adjective
not even or regular in pattern or movement; unpredictable:

erraticism
noun

It is related to error in that they both stem from Latin errare, to stray (from the truth in one case, from the straight and narrow in the other).


Increasing Monsoon unpredictability and erraticism

Though the erraticism of India’s monsoons is fairly documented, research provides ample proof that global warming has added to the unpredictability and erraticism of the same.

  • 2
    Could there therefore be such a person as an 'erraticist'? – WS2 Oct 14 '13 at 14:43
  • @WS2 I doubt it. It would be more likely to be an erratic (that sense, of an erratic person, is listed first for erratic [noun] in OED, but ODO isn't particularly helpful) – Andrew Leach Oct 14 '13 at 14:48
  • Can we get an example sentence of "erraticism" added to the answer? I'm having trouble figuring out how to use this in a sentence. – MrHen Oct 14 '13 at 15:04
  • @MrHen "The quality of being uneven or irregular". – Andrew Leach Oct 14 '13 at 15:13
10

Erratic is also a noun.

erratic (noun)

  1. an erratic or eccentric person.

  2. Geology . an erratic boulder or the like.

OED returns several example sentences with erratic and erratics as noun forms.

Eg. Bacchic priests.... erratics or wanderers

  • As is eccentric. – Kris Oct 15 '13 at 6:11
4

Erratic is derived from a Latin participle of erro, the verb for "to wander, to stray" from which error is also derived. One might gloss it as "tending to stray from a regular course." Even error has this original sense of being "off-course."

As a comparison, the word "eccentric" literally means "off-center," and so metaphorically "wandering from a circular or regular course." There are two obvious noun forms. An "eccentric" is someone or something that is eccentric. Eccentricity is the tendency to be eccentric.

Nouns derived from erratic, however, tend to be non-standard: you are unlikely to hear anyone speak of "erraticness," "an erratic" (as in a person, though there are specialized vocabularies where this form might be used), or "erraticism." One is far more likely to use "irregularity" or "instability" or some other word.

0

erraticity: Event-to-event fluctuation
To quantify the chaotic nature of the event structure, a new measure called the erraticity was introduced.

A definition: (! .pdf)

erraticity (ĭr·ə·tĭs’·ĭ·tē) n. The quality or state of being erratic, characterized by the lack of consistency, regularity or uniformity.

Usage Example Phys. Rev. C 68

Event-to-event fluctuation in multipion production in 32S-AgBr interactions at 200AGeV has been investigated in terms of the newly defined erraticity measures χ(p,q), χq′, ωq, μq′, and rq proposed by Cao and Hwa. A comparative analysis of experimental data with that of random data and VENUS data reveals erratic behavior of the multiplicity moments signifying chaotic multiparticle production in ultrarelativistic nuclear interactions. (Erraticity analysis of multipion data in 32S-AgBr interactions at 200AGeV)

There are several instances of the term's use in research papers.

Not to be confused with the words of the same spelling, erraticity (paranormal studies): 'the state of errant spirits, that is, disembodied spirits, during the interval between two material existences' or, erraticity (nonce): 'a state of being so uberly erratic...emotionally, physically, and mentally.' :)

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