Is there a term for when a word is co-opted and converted into a derogatory variant of the original term?
For instance, "OCD" is defined as:
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry; by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety; or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions. Symptoms of the disorder include excessive washing or cleaning; repeated checking; extreme hoarding; preoccupation with sexual, violent or religious thoughts; relationship-related obsessions; aversion to particular numbers; and nervous rituals, such as opening and closing a door a certain number of times before entering or leaving a room.
But if you actually hear the term OCD it is almost always in a context similar to:
Lol, I always organize my library alphabetically. I'm so OCD...
I organize things by color. OCD, I guess.
This cultural redirection has very little to do with actual OCD but it is an incredibly popular usage.
The term I am looking for would fit into the following sentence:
OCD originally referred to a serious anxiety disorder but was [word] into a description roughly meaning "appreciates order and organization."
The reason I mention it being "derogatory" is because most of the time I hear this alternative usage it is a self-derogatory manner or somehow poking fun at a self-consciousness around the (not actually OCD) behavior.
Other terms I have heard get used this way:
- retarded — originally a description of someone's IQ but now a blanket description for any foolish or stupid thing
- ADD/ADHD — originally a diagnosis around having severe concentration problems but became a blanket description for anyone that could become distracted
- dyslexia — originally a learning disorder focused on learning to read but became a description of isolated instances of spelling errors
This is somewhat related to How do words become derogatory or politically incorrect? but I'm looking for a very different word.