If a quote contains a capitalization error, should [sic] be used? For example, in the following: “But, alas! this kind heart had but a short time to remain such", the t in this would normally be capitalized. When it is quoted in an essay, should it be formatted, “But, alas! this [sic] kind heart had but a short time to remain such"?

  • 4
    yes [sic], yes, it is so. The [sic] is used to make sure that the reader understands that the error is not that of the reporter, but of the source. But [sic] can be very distracting (and, at times, seem a bit pedantic), so use, but use with cautin [sic].
    – bib
    Sep 18, 2013 at 21:31
  • I'm not sure I see the point of flagging up this supposed "error" anyway. I can't make Google Books exclude those instances without an exclamation mark when I search for but alas this, but most of them do have it. And most of them seem not to capitalise "this" either, so there's certainly nothing particularly unusual about OP's citation. Sep 18, 2013 at 21:44
  • 5
    A more interesting question is what the exclamation mark is doing there in the first place, it is certainly not ending the sentence. In any case, 'correcting' someone like Frederick Douglass might seem a tad presumptuous.
    – terdon
    Sep 18, 2013 at 23:39
  • 4
    That is a bad example, because "But alas! this kind heart..." is entirely correct albeit archaic.
    – Andrew Leach
    Sep 19, 2013 at 6:51

3 Answers 3


First, note that exclamation marks and question marks do not always end a sentence. While it's not common in contemporary English, writers sometimes use these marks after a word, phrase, or clause in mid-sentence. That's the case in your example sentence. In modern writing, alas! might be set off with dashes or parentheses:

But (alas!) this kind heart had but a short time to remain such.

You'll sometimes see something similar with question marks, where each part of a compound question has its own question mark:

Should I stay? or should I go?

There's no need to highlight these cases with [sic], as they are not errors.

For cases where there there is actually a capitalization error, transcribe the quote as cleanly as possible without obscuring the meaning. If you're quoting something with a distinct style (poetry, archaic English, eye dialect, stream of consciousness) then you probably don't need to make note of it at all, since it will be clear that the unconventional English is a stylistic choice and not a transcription error.

If the text contains only a single capitalization error, it's better to simply correct the single letter with square brackets: “[T]his sentence was missing its initial capital.” A minor correction is easier to read than an error followed by a signpost.

Use [sic] only when the text is too difficult to correct with light editing, perhaps because it has extensive errors or because you're not sure how to correct it. That's unlikely for a simple capitalization error.


There are at least three ways of handling the capitalization problem correctly: add “[sic]” after “this”; quote it as is; and replace the t of this with [T], eg:

“But, alas! [T]his kind heart had but a short time to remain such”

I recommend using the second or third approach. Note, it would be inappropriate to silently convert this to This.

Note, for further information about bracketed items in quotes, see: Bracketed Capital Letter, What is the proper use of [square brackets] in quotes?, or How to add contextualizing text to a quotation?.

For more about [sic] see (eg) How do I properly use [sic] for a phrase? Or do I use it at all?, Can you use "(sic)" in other contexts?, What can I do instead of [sic]?, The usage of “sic” in writing, ’[sic]’ to indicate punctuation errors, or Said In Context: A more appropriate alternative to [sic]?.


Whether uncertain, I would not. Nobody will ever blame you for not pointing out somebody else's mistakes. And, as rule of thumb, I use [sic] with moderation.

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