When we make coffee or tea, there are particles that remain at the bottom of the jar.
Is it right to call them 'rudiments' or is there another term for this?
re·sid·u·um [ri-zij-oo-uhm] Show IPA noun, plural re·sid·u·a [-zij-oo-uh] Show IPA .
1. the residue, remainder, or rest of something.
2. Also, residue. Chemistry . a quantity or body of matter remaining after evaporation, combustion, distillation, etc.
3. any residual product.
In Deutsch it is called kaffeesatz as in kaffeesatz lesen or the Turkish tradition of reading tea leaves.
dregs [drɛgz] pl n
1. (Miscellaneous Technologies / Brewing) (Cookery) solid particles that tend to settle at the bottom of some liquids, such as wine or coffee 2. residue or remains
meta: search for the words "coffee OR tea particles remain at the bottom" in Google and you will see the first dictionary result is the TFD entry above! :)
" Sediment " should be the close one ..
I'm not sure there's a simple, single answer. Dregs is the best answer but refers also to the liquid residue (in the sense of "last remaining part" (M-W:3), while residuum is a nice word but not appropriate in normal writing (residue would be better but not really specific enough). For coffee there's grounds and for tea there's leaves, but both of these refer to the product before as well as after the water was added (though with context, e.g. "pour gently leaving the grounds behind" would of course make sense). Settlings may be useable for the particles making up the mud at the bottom of coarsely-filtered coffee.
For coffee, in my part of the U.S., at least, what is left after brewing is called coffee grounds. I have never heard anybody use coffee grounds for ground coffee, which is what I would call the stuff you start with.
This is confirmed by at least one dictionary, Merriam Webster:
1 b (2): ground coffee beans after brewing.
Googling, however, I see that some people on the West Coast, at least, call unused coffee beans that have been ground coffee grounds. So to disambiguate, you could call them used coffee grounds.
Er… I don’t think anyone has actually answered the question, as such.
A “rudimentary bow” (for example) is something that is not quite a proper bow, but still manages to make arrows fly. “primitive”.
The rudiments of some area of knowledge or praxis — (e.g.) management, or book-binding — is the foundational knowledge and/or art. Slang: AREA“101” (from the codes for first-year university subjects).
(I know this already, but I checked in my Apple “Dictionary”, just to make sure.)