Occasionally I deal myself a hand in solitaire - Klondike - that is unplayable. It's so infrequent that I feel as if I've dealt myself a winning hand - in Bizzaro world possibly. I was thinking there's some poetical quality to this hand I'm unable to use. Is there a term for that I might use? Are there any playing card scholars out there?
At casinos I have played at it is called a "trash hand". The casinos allow redeal if unplayable. This happens 1/400-500 times. I have never had this happened but have seen it happen and the redeal. Not sure "trash hand" is local or a given for Klondike.
In the games literature I've read (I'm not a "patience scholar", but I am the author of a couple of pieces of patience software, so I have read a few books on the subject), I'm not sure there's a single term for precisely what you're asking for. However, the following may help:
A game is described as being blocked if no moves are possible, and that state can be referred to as a block.
The word stalemate can also be applied to patience.
An impasse is either a combination of cards/part of a layout that blocks the game.
You could adopt RyeBread's casino term, but I don't think it's generally used 'in the patience literature' as it were.
you could say you are stumped or stymied or snookered
The last two can be used in their noun forms for the hand - as in that's a snooker/stymie
at a loss, at one's wits' end, at sea, baffled, brought to a standstill, floored
a situation or problem presenting such difficulties as to discourage or defeat any attempt to deal with or resolve it.
in golf: to impede with a stymie
To leave one's opponent in the game of snooker unable to take a direct shot without striking a ball out of the required order.