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The biblical and modern day states of Israel have the same name, even though they are not the same entities.

Is there a name for the biblical state of Israel which is diffrent from Israel? Like the name Israelite refers to the ancient Jews/people of Israel and not to the citizen of modern day Israel (which are called Israeli).

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I think the only way to make this distinction is to refer to the kingdom of Israel. Since the modern political entity is a republic, that will serve to distinguish them.

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    Unless you are talking about a period that distinguishes the kingdom of Israel from the Kingdom of Judah – mgb Jul 9 '13 at 4:02
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    @mgb Yes, and furthermore, tradition has it that the ancient Israelites were not always ruled by kings: at other periods the final authorities were judges or tribal elders. – MetaEd Jul 9 '13 at 4:19
  • @MετάEd fair point, but was there a political entity called Israel at the time? I was under the impression that the country, not the nation, of Israel had always been a kingdom until it was reestablished in the last century. Is that wrong? – terdon Jul 9 '13 at 12:08
  • @terdon In modern parlance, a state (OP's word) is a geopolitical entity. It seems to be a fact that Israel existed as a distinct geopolitical entity before it was united under a single king. This is not based on any expertise of mine, but on the information at en.wikipedia.org/wiki/… – MetaEd Jul 9 '13 at 21:47
  • In Old Testament times the notion of the nation state did not exist - society was tribal. Some historians argue that the entity - nation state - was given birth only in 1648, by the Peace of Westphalia, ending the Thirty-Years War in Europe. – WS2 Oct 14 '15 at 22:05
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How about ancient Israel? This parallels the way we talk about ancient Greece and ancient Rome.

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