This article about using Ћ to stand for the made me think about how different symbols represent words or phrases. For example: @ means at; % means per cent; # can mean pound or number; ♥ can mean love, as in "I ♥ NY".
It seems right to call these abbreviations, but:
- Abbreviations can include non-symbols, like AZ for Arizona
- The symbol may have characters not found in the word (like $ has an S shape in it, even though s is not in dollar), contrary to some definitions of abbreviation
One word I found was ligature, which seems to describe & and the proposed Ћ well. But:
- Ligature does not describe some symbols shown above (like #)
- Ligature describes symbols that do not mean words (like æ)
The symbols listed above are what one might see in informal (but standard) shorthand, and it's these I want to describe. Mathematical symbols (like using = to mean equal or the same) can be in the same category. Alphabetic symbols, like X or O to mean kisses or hugs, may be included too.
Is there a name for (and only for) symbols like these?