In the following phrase, is developed a transitive verb?

Technology developed by the XXX company.

  • 4
    Developed is the past participle of the verb develop employed as a passive participle: it means Technology which was developed by XXX, which represents a passive form of XXX developed [this] technology. So, yes, develop here is a transitive verb. Mar 29, 2013 at 11:49
  • Why did you have a doubt? Where have you checked so far?
    – Kris
    Mar 29, 2013 at 12:45
  • merriam-webster.com/dictionary/develop
    – Kris
    Mar 29, 2013 at 12:59
  • 4
    Once again there's a confusing use of a technical term outside its proper environs. Transitivity is a property of clauses, not verbs; practically any verb can be used transitively or intransitively, given the right construction. And this particular noun phrase has been tampered with by Passive, so that it no longer has a direct object. Since one definition of transitive is 'has a direct object', passive clauses are by that definition always intransitive, except for the cases where an indirect object has been promoted to d.o. and thence to subject, like She was given the key to the city. Mar 29, 2013 at 15:24
  • 2
    So, in this "predicate frame", is it a transitive verb or not? Passives don't have direct objects; they have subjects instead. Mar 29, 2013 at 18:13

1 Answer 1


Here is the web definition for transitive verb:

transitive verb
a verb (or verb construction) that requires an object in order to be grammatical

In this case, 'developed' is the verb, the object of which is 'technology'. For easier analysis (as pointed out by StoneyB), the sentence could be rearranged as follows:

The XXX company developed this technology.

This points out the following:

  • Subject — "The XXX company"
  • Verb — "developed"
  • Object — "this technology"

The sentence could not use this verb without the object without the meaning being changed/lost.

Thus, in this context, 'developed' is a transitive verb.

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