Besides SVO, which are the word orders that can be found in English? Are there any that are peculiar to dialects such as Singlish or Indian English? Please provide an example sentence for each order along with pertinent information such as tense, mood, voice, etc.

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    @A. This I already knew. :) – tchrist Mar 22 '13 at 17:49
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    SVO is the ground state. Deviations from this (and other norms) by syntactic rules are used to form variant clause and phrase types, to indicate focussed elements, to express emotions, and to improve parseability. Depending on the rules, of course. – John Lawler Mar 22 '13 at 19:05
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    @JohnLawler Are you aware of anything that summarises or tabulates all of these deviations? I'm particularly interested to know if any orders are local only to certain dialects. – coleopterist Mar 23 '13 at 18:17
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    That's sociolinguistics, not syntax. If you want a summary of syntactic rules, try this. – John Lawler Mar 23 '13 at 18:47
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    @Kris This is a question specifically pertaining to English. It's perfect for this site. – Matt E. Эллен Sep 18 '13 at 15:27

All of them, though often at the stretch of hyperbaton, so most of them would be rare. Still, a short story in 6 word-orders:

SVO "I love you"

VOS "Take me, dear"

VSO Here comes the bride! [No object, but if there was an object it would follow here]

SOV "With this ring, I thee wed".

OVS Passion does not a lifetime make

OSV "I won't talk to him, but my lawyer, I will call".

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    I'd take issue with your VOS and VSO. The VOS is really two sentences apposed, or in parataxis. You might go instead for, "Like books, I do". The VSO sentence doesn't contain an O, just the intransitive verb "come" with the S "the bride". Since only auxiliary (and like) verbs front, it's hard to give an example, but, in British English, you could go for "Have you any books?". – Daniel Harbour Oct 1 '13 at 20:33
  • Neither your nor @DanielHarbour 's VOS sentences make any sense at all to me coming from an English speaker unless I picture Yoda saying them. – T.E.D. Nov 9 '15 at 14:39
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    If you allow imperatives, V O S is fairly easy. "Behold my works, ye Mighty, and despair!" – Peter Shor Nov 9 '15 at 15:03
  • @T.E.D. updated to a more plausible example. – Jon Hanna Nov 9 '15 at 15:07
  • @PeterShor I was always taught imperatives had an implicit "You" for a subject at the start of the sentence. So its still vanilla SVO, with some extra phrases tacked on. Perhaps like "(S)VO, S, V" – T.E.D. Nov 9 '15 at 15:13

Well as a Singaporean, I can help answer your question. Singlish, is not a dialect. Instead, it is a term used mainly by Singaporeans. Although Singlish is not a proper language, it still has a relatively extensive range of vocabulary. For example, a person speaking proper English will say: "Go and turn off the heater!" On the other hand, a person speaking in Singlish will say:"Go and switch off the heater lah!" In Singlish, when someone wishes to emphasize himself, he will end off with a forceful "lah" The word is a common slang added by Singaporeans. When someone adds a "lah" at the back of his/her sentence, the person ussually means that he is stating the obvious. Singlish is commonly regarded with low prestige in Singapore. The Singaporean government and many upper class Singaporeans alike heavily discourage the use of Singlish in favour of Standard English. The vocabulary of Singlish consists of words originating from English, Malay, Hokkien, Teochew, Cantonese, Tamil and to a lesser extent various other European, Indic and Sinitic languages. Also, elements of American and Australian slang have come through from imported television series and films. Thus, there are nearly a countless number of Singlish words. In fact there are so many, till listing them down will take a ages. Instead, you may look up "Singlish" on wikipedia. Also, they sell a guide in Singapore called:"Singlish for Idiots" which, as the title implies, contains a "textbook" to Singlish. Sadly, I am not yet sure about Indian English being a dialect and i will update this post as soon as possible. With more info on Indian English. Oh, and one more thing Singlish is not a dialect as it can be written in words.

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    I don’t understand what you mean by things being or not being dialects. What do you consider “dialect” to mean? – tchrist Mar 25 '13 at 14:20
  • @tchrist You don't? Or was that a rhetorical question (more likely)? – Kris Jun 9 '13 at 5:20

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