Regarding the fact that a company is made up of people and we use who for people, is it proper to use who here?

  • who is also found in writing, though only with a singular, not plural, verb: who make.
    – Kris
    Commented Jan 19, 2013 at 10:59
  • "Pectin: List of Firms who Manufacture Or Sell Either Dried Or Liquid Pectin" (United States. Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, 1931); "In this chapter, however, subcontractor refers to the second type of company, that is, those who manufacture according to the buyers' specifications." (Mark S. Glynn: Business-To-Business Brand Management, 2009); "Mainstream chemical companies who manufacture some aroma chemicals as part of their business, e.g. BASF..." (David Rowe: Chemistry & Technology of Flavours & Fragrances, 2009) [emphasis mine]
    – Kris
    Commented Jan 19, 2013 at 11:17
  • As Kris mentioned, who gets used, but it looks like that is used in this context much more often.
    – J.R.
    Commented Jan 19, 2013 at 11:36

1 Answer 1


A company is normally, but not invariably, treated as inanimate, so it will be a company which makes or a company that makes, when the relative clause is integrated (also known as ‘defining’ or ‘restrictive’). When the relative clause is supplementary (also known as ‘non-defining’ or ‘non-restrictive’), it is normally introduced by which.

This means that we can say XYZ Inc. is a company that makes high tensile steel or we can say XYZ Inc. is a company which makes high tensile steel. But we generally say XYZ Inc., which makes high tensile steel, has had poor results this year rather than XYZ Inc., that makes high tensile steel, has had poor results this year. Some people claim that you cannot use which to introduce an integrated relative clause, but they are wrong.

(There is a further complication with a word like company, which is seen variously as singular and plural. For the sake of simplicity, I have treated it here as singular.)

  • What about a group? Commented Jan 19, 2013 at 9:22
  • @Benyamin Hamidekhoo. It depends on the type of group. Commented Jan 19, 2013 at 11:27

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