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seen Aug 31 at 10:44

I am a native speaker of Japanese. I am neither a native speaker of English nor a linguist. Mah engrish not corecct allways. You have been warned.


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comment What is a word/phrase for using a term for a popular special case instead of a generic term?
You have to understand the difference between “A Xerox copier is a special case of a copier” (true) and “A Xerox copier is part of a copier” (false). Pars pro toto means the latter relation. Examples of parts of a copier are a feeder, a scanner, a printer, a toner, and so on.
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awarded  Pundit
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comment What is a word/phrase for using a term for a popular special case instead of a generic term?
If Xerox were part of a photocopier, then calling a photocopier “Xerox” would be a pars pro toto. But it is not. Xerox photocopiers is a special case of photocopiers, but the term pars pro toto does not refer to this relation.
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comment “Which” or “where”?
@Em1: Now I see the logic behind this answer, but in that case, I would say something along "I am trying to determine where on Earth the gravity is the weakest."