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Yes it did, and the formal version was (drumroll, please....) you. In Early Modern English, thou was the singular and you was the plural. Plural you came to be used as a polite form of address (similar to the French vous, which is also used for the plural), but over time this polite form became more and more common, eventually displacing the singular thou ...
hyperbole /haɪˈpɜrbəli/ (Evidently it's not the next step after the Super Bowl.)
Swill. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/swill swill noun. food for animals (such as pigs) made from scraps of food and water food or drink that is very bad or unappealing eg. What is this swill?! I'm not drinking that!
That is quite simply a whiteboard. Blackboard can be defined as: A smooth, hard, dark-colored panel for writing on with chalk. Whiteboard can be defined as: A panel covered with white, glossy plastic for writing on with erasable markers.
If you're looking for a single word that will express thanks at the same time, I would avoid both satiated and sated; with apologies to @F'x, "sated" is not at all common in conversation, and when it is used it usually has more to do with sex than food. (Not always, but often enough that your hosts will look at you strangely for a moment before relaxing and ...
Yes. As far as I know, you actually is the formal, originally plural version (ye/you/your) and thou was the informal version (thou/thee/thy/thine). Over time, thou became impolitely informal and is now no longer used, though interestingly enough nowadays it might even be perceived as more formal than you because it's archaic and survives almost exclusively ...
I had quite a few of these growing up. The one I think is most common is segue. Did you know it's pronounced "segway"? I didn't for a very very long time.
It is often called: dirty money: Profit from the sale of narcotics, prostitution, guns, or other illegal activities. Money that needs to be laundered. money obtained illegally. Source:http://www.thefreedictionary.com
From dictionary.com... ill-gotten gains Benefits obtained in an evil manner or by dishonest means, as in They duped their senile uncle into leaving them a fortune and are now enjoying their ill-gotten gains . [Mid-1800s] I think one reasonably consistent distinction between this and @Josh61's suggestion is... dirty money was usually already ...
colonel /ˈkərnl/ This has to be the worst word for me - I know that is pronounced ker-nil, but EVERY time I read it the pronunication in my head is col-o-nel. How is colonel "ker-nil" anyway?! :)
victuals I always thought it was VICK-chew-als, while it is actually VITT-les.
I would say a spontaneous event.
bowing How to Use Exquisite Bowing Techniques on a Violin. http://www.wikihow.com/Use-Exquisite-Bowing-Techniques-on-a-Violin
A calligrapher. There is the much lesser used word, "calligraphist."
I think that the word you may be looking for could be tenfold. According to Collins (http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/tenfold): adjective: equal to or having 10 times as many or as much ⇒ "a tenfold increase in population" composed of 10 parts adverb: by or up to 10 times as many or as much ⇒ "the ...
We would probably say springlike or vernal (more technical) to refer to spring. For autumn (fall) we would say autumnal or fall-like.
Chemist, chemist's, chemist's shop or, sometimes, pharmacy. I've never heard "drugstore" in the UK, though one of the big chains is called Superdrug.
That word is decuple (Collins Dictionary): verb (transitive) to increase by ten times It can also be used as a noun or adjective.
I think you're looking for nomadic, which describes a group (or person) that has no permanent home. Nomadic tribes often follow herds of game animals, for instance, so they would have seasonal camps.
Uggh, as one of the over-literates you mentioned, I have a lot of these. However, I have no idea as to how common mine are or may have been. Facade should be pronounced "fuh-SAHD" (/fəˈsɑːd/). At first, I pronounced it "fack-AID."
The word nurse is gender-neutral in modern English.
Polyglot: person having a speaking, reading, or writing knowledge of several languages. (AHD)
Greenwich is "grenitch", not "green-witch".
You could call a person who does that a pedant: Pedant (noun) a person who annoys other people by correcting small errors and giving too much attention to minor details; one who unduly emphasizes minutiae in the presentation or use of knowledge (Merriam-Webster)
Fawning From the ODO: adjective Displaying exaggerated flattery or affection; obsequious: Example: 'fawning interviews with Hollywood celebs'
I have a hard time avoiding pronouncing the word 'gaol' with a hard 'g', when it's really a homophone for 'jail'.
Awry /əˈraɪ/ Wrong: AWE-ree Right: uh-RY Omnipotent /ɒmˈnɪpət(ə)nt/ Wrong: Omni-Potent Right: omNIPPOtent (think "hippo")
A couple is usually two (a married couple), or sometimes 'about two' if you are being vague (a couple of dozen, a couple of inches). A few is more than a couple, but not as many as several.
I believe gnaw is the word you're looking for. a : to bite or chew on with the teeth; especially : to wear away by persistent biting or nibbling b : to make by gnawing <rats gnawed a hole>
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