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55

Not a word, but a phrase; put your foot in it/your mouth, also known as Foot-in-Mouth disease which plays on Foot-and-Mouth disease, an ailment which afflicts cattle. Example I was talking to the boss about the new XYZ and I really put my foot in it, I didn't know he'd just bought one of the hideous things!


42

A good phrase would be faux pas a slip or blunder in etiquette, manners, or conduct; an embarrassing social blunder or indiscretion. Dictionary.com While it's not as highly specific as your scenario I believe it would still fall under a faux pas.


37

I don't think English has a word for the precise situation you are after, but have you considered gaffe: an unintentional act or remark causing embarrassment to its originator; a blunder. synonyms: blunder, mistake, error, slip, faux pas, indiscretion, impropriety, miscalculation, gaucherie, solecis, slip-up, howler, boo-boo, fluff, flub, blooper, ...


34

polar opposites: polar opposite ‎(plural polar opposites): The complete opposite, opposite in every way. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/polar_opposite "Polar opposites" might also refer to the scientific or technical definition of two things having exactly opposing or inverted polarity, sign, orientation, or some other property.


28

I'd suggest dichotomy: a difference between two opposite things : a division into two opposite groups. Source - Merriam-Webster


27

It's considered "ill-defined", but the term shell shock is often used for what you're describing. However, I would caution against using this in most situations. Shell shock was a term used in the World War I era, but it was poorly understood at the time. In the World War II era, diagnoses of shell shock were replaced with diagnoses of combat stress ...


22

The modern name for the condition is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, and it can apply to civilians as well as soldiers.


21

diametric in direct opposition; being at opposite extremes; complete: diametrical opposites; a diametrical difference. –dictionary.com Two things which are absolute opposites of each other, are diametrically opposed or diametric. We often perceive coins as being diametric, while forgetting that they have a third side: the edge.


18

Your example is a recursive sentence of, relating to, or constituting a procedure that can repeat itself indefinitely a recursive rule in a grammar (MW) I don't know about the use of recursion in sentences or paragraphs, but there are a number of recursive acronyms used in the IT industry, some notable being PHP (PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) and ...


16

Try antipodes at dictionary.com either or both of two opposite things. (from singular "exact or opposite things") They both are antipodes.


12

What would one call the large horizontal structural fixture [...] specifically the component between the two corbels? The most appropriate term I found, and one which matches the description and the image posted by the OP is balconet / balconette If we look at the definition of corbel we find:         &...


9

Make a blunder (to make a gross mistake / error due to stupidity or carelessness (OED)) or goof (to blunder / make a mistake (OED)). So, "I really blundered / goofed when I said... (the new model of XYZ looks terrible).


8

That is specifically an example of recursion, where something is contained inside itself. It is an foundational concept in the fractal mathematics that form the core of chaos theory, but it would be impossible to ever actually use it in spoken English, at least in the fully expanded form. You could achieve it by reference, as in "This is the sentence I'm ...


7

The questioner wants a singular noun that denotes a pair of antithetical ideas. I say there is no such word. The professor of English to whom I have been married for fifty years can't think of any. "Antithesis" denotes each in relation to the other. "Dichotomy" denotes the relation between them. "Dilemma" from its Greek roots should mean "two propositions," ...


7

Perhaps polarities The state of having two opposite or contradictory tendencies, opinions, or aspects: the polarity between male and female the Cold War’s neat polarities can hardly be carried on Oxford Dictionaries Online


7

Whenever I've heard the word, it's been in a non-academic context and means either 'category' or 'criteria' - which roughly matches the following definition. M-W: a name or heading under which something is classified an explanation or a set of instructions at the beginning of a book, a test, etc. e.g. "Under this new rubric, all 30-...


7

The building in question is the home of the Lyric Opera of Chicago built in 1929. The Art Institute of Chicago has the clearest photo I have seen of the west exposure, as built.  Identifying the architectural styles employed will allow us to focus the search for the name of the specific decoration. In pursuit of that, I turned to The History of the ...


7

I think the word you are seeking is sidebar. a typographically distinct section of a page, as in a book or magazine, that amplifies or highlights the main text. Another example: A brief section of text or another feature that appears alongside a more detailed discussion of a subject, often separated graphically in a box.


6

Yes, the term is mainly used in educational contexts: Rubrics have become popular with teachers as a means of communicating expectations for an assignment, providing focused feedback on works in progress, and grading final products. Although educators tend to define the word “rubric” in slightly different ways, Heidi Andrade’s commonly accepted ...


6

Sill should do, unless there is something specific to opera houses. A shelf or slab of stone, wood, or metal at the foot of a window or doorway. A strong horizontal member at the base of any structure, e.g., in the frame of a motor or rail vehicle. ODO


5

The term rubric from the Norman French rubrique simply means something written in red. Of course the way rubric is used today does not literally mean it is in red. This can apply to lots of things, headings, important notes to the text, feedback comments etc. The OED list of definitions, with the examples missing runs as follows: A. n. I. Something ...


5

EDIT I think dual might be the best term. It is an object (in the most abstract sense) that may have two opposing, mirrored, states. Thanks to @user2901512's answer below for a hint to this. Previous answer (incorrect as I initially thought the question asked for the name for two concepts which are opposite to each other, which is not OP's intention, I ...


5

Combat stress reaction (CSR) is a term used within the military to describe acute behavioural disorganization seen by medical personnel as a direct result of the trauma of war. Also known as "combat fatigue" or "battle neurosis", it has some overlap with the diagnosis of acute stress reaction used in civilian psychiatry. It is historically linked to shell ...


5

Although I am probably going to get a lot of flak for this answer, I believe this explanation fits the criteria of your question-specifically going to “complications due to being too close to an explosion”. This type of reaction is not restricted to soldiers on the battlefield. Please read through completely before rejecting it out-of-hand. Concussion is ...


5

I doubt there is a single word which labels rational fear, but I would say caution comes close: prudent forethought to minimize risk Prudence implies rationality (one of its synonyms, another being wise) The reason I doubt a specific word for rational fear is that fear (n.) is normal and rational in a great many situations.


4

Antithesis will also work, although it's very formal. The OED Online's first definition for antithesis is 1. Rhetoric. An opposition or contrast of ideas, expressed by using as the corresponding members of two contiguous sentences or clauses, words which are the opposites of, or strongly contrasted with, each other; as ‘he must increase, but I must ...


4

A binary oppostion https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_opposition A binary opposition (also binary system) is a pair of related terms or concepts that are opposite in meaning. Binary opposition is the system by which, in language and thought, two theoretical opposites are strictly defined and set off against one another. It is the contrast between two ...


4

This is a case where Ngram has to be used very judiciously. Looking at the results for "rend", there appears to be a very steep drop in usage beginning right around 1959. However, the vast majority of actual results for the period immediately preceding this drop are not for the verb but for the abbreviation "rend." which is part of the abbreviation for ...


4

This article in The Independent newspaper discusses how politicians use weasel words like : [...] 'robust', 'remnants' and 'anecdotal' [... etc ...] to hide or mislead [...] and obscure terrible truths. Here is an snippet but I recommend reading whole article: "Remnants" in certain contexts has had a bad smell ever since US spokesmen started ...



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