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16

There is a word miscegenate, from the Greek for "mixed race" (misce-, -genus) which would provide a clue. The Greek for other is allos, which provides prefixes allo- (as in allophone) and the Latin al- (as in alibi). So a word one could coin is allogenate or possibly allogenous or allogeneous. In fact, allogenous is mapped on to allogeneous in OED: ...


7

It could be called a synopsis 3 a brief summary of the plot of a novel, motion picture, play, etc.


7

As attested by most sources the origin is probably from a humorous reference to the very popular music hall song, "Archibald, certaily not" which became a cachtphrase in those years: Archibald: masc. proper name, from Old High German Erchanbald, literally "genuine bold," from erchan "genuine" + bald (see bold). Archie, British World War I ...


7

I was going through some online articles and I'd like to thank @Josh61 for the right references. I found this detailed write-up on Word Origins from OED by Richard Holden. (I think I now know the reason why top EL&U users strictly stick to OED definitions) The article: http://public.oed.com/aspects-of-english/word-stories/digital/ What distinguishes ...


7

I don't think there is an appropriate one-word adjective to use in your sentences. You could consider using racially different to mean that they are of different race. The Racially Different Psychiatrist—Implications for Psychotherapy The race of the therapist can play a significant role in the manifestation of transference and ...


6

This is nominalization produced by zero derivation. That happens when a non-noun is used as a noun without requiring a derivational affix. Per Wikipedia: In linguistics, nominalization or nominalisation is the use of a word which is not a noun (e.g. a verb, an adjective or an adverb) as a noun, or as the head of a noun phrase, with or without ...


6

I am a big fan of baseball and I can't live without it. Chasing team doesn't refer to a home team in baseball which doesn't have anything to chase. Each team has 9 innings and they usually (in Major League) can't score as many runs in baseball as in cricket especially when aces (the best pitchers in each team) pitch the ball. Two advantages for a home ...


4

In Computable Numbers (1936), Turing doesn't use the word "digital" at all. He refers to "computing machines" and in particular the "universal computing machine", which is what we now call a Turing machine. In modern terms, we would not usually refer to something as a computer unless it represented a concrete implementation of a Turing machine (except that ...


4

This is called a gating question. Think of the question as a gate to the rest of the test. If you don't get past the gate, the rest of the test doesn't matter. If you do, you still need to get past the rest of the test.


4

Assuming you are primarily talking about visual arts (drawings/paintings), the most commonly used word is still 'Traditional Art'. In fact, you can see this on sites like deviantArt and Artstation, prominent art websites, that this is the word they use to distinguish between digital and non-digital art. If your demographic is artists who are familiar ...


4

This is the blurb. Originally the term used for a brief description of a book printed on its back cover to entice browsers to purchase it. The term is now widely used for short promotional descriptions of films, television programmes and other media.


3

I believe s.o.s. here means "struck off strength" that is, "removed from service" or "posted to another unit". Strength here is headcount, the number of people employed. A member of HM Forces has posted so in the past: SOS is definitely Struck off strength, in other words, posted to another unit. ISRB is a code name for the Special Operations ...


3

Here is what Grammar Girl has to say about it: Numbers in Parentheses "Don't put numbers in parentheses after words." By Mignon Fogarty, Grammar Girl July 23, 2015 Two readers recently asked whether they need to repeat a number in parentheses after they write out the word. Note that I did not write two (2) readers. ...


3

In syntax they're known as bare noun phrases, often referred to as bare NPs. They are the subject of much academic research. Especially interesting are those instances where the noun phrase is singular. There are important subcategories of bare noun phrase, such as bare role NPs. We find these in sentences such as Who'll be maid of honour?.


3

We also speak of the plastic arts, i.e. those involving some physical, tangible medium (painting, sculpture, ceramic, etc).


3

It is called a "parenthetical phrase." While you state that is not the name you are looking for, that is the grammatical term for it. More specifically, and within the subset of parenthetical phrases, it is called an "aside." Basically, you are more right than you imagined, more on the right path than you seem to have thought.


3

Every linguist has this problem, especially in talking about syntax to non-linguists. I only use the term phrase to refer to constituents; but there is syntax for non-constituents, too. Conversational Deletion, for instance, chews away at the beginning of a sentence, producing utterrances like these, which lack some initial sequence of predictable words: ...


3

Perhaps English-like. From the 1950's, Admiral Grace Hopper promoted the idea that computers should be programmed using English words rather than numerical codes. She is often cited as the inventor of the compiler and credited for the development of the COBOL language, one of the first high-level programming languages. COBOL (/ˈkoʊbɒl/, an acronym for ...


3

I would normally use "the application layer": IDs are explicitly stored in table xyz and their proper incrementation/decrementation is a responsibility of the application layer.


3

You could use 'Client' ... if an office has a server that stores the company's database on it, the other computers in the office that can access the database are "clients" of the server. techterms.com


3

The bank would only allow this if it is obeying an order specific to the account; if so, either such order could be described as an injunction, and the first might be a subpoena.


3

This question brought to mind a toy we had when I was a kid. It was made popular on the TV show "Romper Room" Plastic cylinders (like small coffee cans) with loops of cord attached - and you'd stand on them, hold the cords taut, and clomp around with your arms at your sides. If you called this person a Romper Stomper I'm pretty sure folks of my generation ...


2

A tongue-in-cheek expression for the home team (which is really the only term in use) is the good guys, at least to fans of the home team. There is not really a second half of a baseball game. Given that there are nine (or seven) innings, each game develops at its own pace, and it may take one hour to play the first five innings and then another hour to ...


2

How about 'contrived ignorance'. 'Contrived' - Ingeniously or artfully devised or planned (OED).


2

Depening on the jurisdiction you are in and the details of the proceedings, the sherriff, bailiff or process server might seize, impound, poind or sequestrate the bank account. Edit: corrected spelling mistake.


2

The easiest way to make sure your meaning is properly understood would be to say: Everyone can learn how to program. It is like learning to speak a new language. [...]


2

I would use align; depending on the exact situation, one or the other of these definitions might apply: to arrange things so that they form a line or are in proper position to change (something) so that it agrees with or matches something else (source merriam-webster.com) The rocket might be aligned with some target it is being launched towards, or ...



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