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22

It's called the additive inverse. In a less technical context, you could just call them negatives of each other. Similarly, 5 and 1/5 are multiplicative inverses.


18

"Off-label use", per Wikipedia: "is the use of pharmaceutical drugs for an unapproved indication or in an unapproved age group, unapproved dosage, or unapproved form of administration." I think it would be understood if use of the other items in your posting (massager, cough medicine) were referred to as "off-label" also. I'm not sure there is one ...


16

They are generally referred to as guardian statues. One of the most popular types is guardian lions. For example, Chinese guardian lions ("Foo Dogs") are well-known and it is mentioned that they share symbolism with Staffordshire dogs: While Staffordshire dogs originated in 19th-century England, like foo dogs they were used as symbols of protection and ...


16

It's sometimes called falling down a rabbit hole. A rabbit hole is presumed to be a meandering subterranean tunnel with many forks that branch off to unknown locations. The metaphor was used (well before the World Wide Web was conceived) in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, in which Alice falls through a rabbit hole into a strange and ...


12

They look very different from one another. astice as having a .. blue colour ...aragosta .. reddish body, five pairs of legs, ... To me it looks like a giant insect. In English, however, they are both called lobster.... I were to invite an Italian friend to a Boston restaurant and order lobster for both of us, she might be dismayed ...


11

surf the Web idiom Definition: The term surf, used in the context of "surf the Web", refers to the practice of browsing through Web sites: jumping from one link to the other, following items of interest, watching videos, and consuming all sorts of content; all on a variety of different sites. Since the Web is essentially a series of ...


10

I think the word you are looking for is toponym. I also think that a list of 'trade products' that includes lesbian needs work (unless your supermarkets are markedly different from ours).


7

I think unintended use conveys the idea in general. The phrase is used both informally and formally. For example, it is used in International Product Liability as a formal phrase. There is also a website called Museum of unintended uses and the motto is the art of using things differently. Here are some clever examples from the same site: Ipad Stand: ...


6

Most of the really cool kids call it “surfing.” They’re always flying by me on these huge, trending waves and flippin me the bird. But I don’t do cool, I don’t trend, and in the insane yet immortal words of Lieutenant Colonel Bill Kilgore, “Charlie don’t surf!” So, as for me, I'm with Charlie and mean to meander. see, Google Web Meandering ...


5

Expropriate is also used, especially if the property is taken for public use: (Law) to deprive (an owner) of (property), esp by taking it for public use. The Free Dictionary


5

When a court orders for taking control of a property or real estate by the government in exchange of money, what is the best word for the court action? I'm assuming you are looking for the term that describes the action of the government. The action of a court would be to "order" in the case of property taken to resolve a debt, or "find", "review" ...


5

The phrase "yak shaving" fits this very well ... see here embodied as a gif: Story of my life yak shaving: 2.(idiomatic) A less useful activity done to consciously or unconsciously procrastinate about a larger but more useful task. I looked at a reference manual for my car just to answer one question, but I spent the whole afternoon with my nose ...


5

Petroleum geologist. A petroleum geologist is a earth scientist who works in the field of petroleum geology, which involves all aspects of oil discovery and production. Petroleum geologists are usually linked to the actual discovery of oil and the identification of possible oil deposits or leads. [Wikipedia] Petrogeologist is used also but it is less ...


5

“Crayfish” also known as “lobster” aka “langoustine” aka . . . (you get the picture) It appears that over the centuries the terms for different shellfish such as crayfish, lobster, the Norway lobster, scampi, prawn, and even shrimp have been used interchangeably. No wonder the term lobster, in English, has been given ubiquitously to cover a wide range of ...


5

This is hardly mainstream English, but there is a term. The identity element under addition for the set of reals (or the set of integers) is zero; x + 0 = 0 + x = x The element that must be added to any element to give the identity element as the product (the general term for result of a binary operation; here the sum) is, for addition, known as the ...


5

The system of nomenclature is unique from government to government, and the terminology of the United States government was established with the expressed purpose of differentiating from the monarchial system in England when Independence was gained. In the United States the Federal Government is divided into three branches: 1. Legislative Branch The ...


5

I can't think of a term for the products themselves, but the act you describe might be called repurposing, which Wikipedia defines as follows: Repurposing is the process by which an object with one use value is transformed or redeployed as an object with an alternative use value.


5

While this is the "English Language & Usage" part of stackexchange your answer mentions "in linguistics". There is also an internationally recognized legal term that protects these names to indicate authenticity, the French "Appellation d'origine contrôlée". Roquefort cheese, Cognac, Porto, Lambic beers, and others benefit from this protection. In many ...


4

Both my father and his father made their livings at precisely this job. The term used for it within the petroleum industry (in the United States, anyway) is exploration geologist. A person who conducts seismic mapping of the strata of rock and other deposits in a particular area in order to help assess their potential as a source for oil or natural gas is ...


4

Gynecomastia is the medical term. also gynaecomastia, gynecomasty, "condition of a man having breasts like a woman's," 1881, from gyneco- "woman, female" + Latinized form of Greek mazos "breast," variant of mastos (see masto-) + abstract noun ending -ia. [Etymonline]


4

Tab Explosion Two of the most common places to get lost on the internet are Wikipedia and TV Tropes. The latter (of course) has page dedicated to just this sort of thing, and they call it Tab Explosion after the fact that some sites can lead you to open interesting links in a new tab... if you find only 2 or 3 interesting links on every page you'll still ...


3

These sites refer to it as: pectoral fat and chest fat Here, Gynecoma.com refers to the difference between chest fat and gynecomastia: (TL;DR) gynemcomastia - breast enlargement due to breast tissue development. chest fat - enlargement due to fat. Gynecomastia in very simple terms is enlargement of the male chest and is caused by ...


3

Enterprise Resource Planning software (ERP for short) is a set of integrated modules that allow you to control many, most, or all aspects of your business from a single package: financials (General Ledger, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable), order processing, purchasing, manufacturing, inventory management, time & attendance, payroll, etc. Most ...


3

There is no word for it, since it is nothing special, the world changes and things/categories have been updated, for example: originally there were 3 Muses, then they became 4, 7, 8 and eventually 9. But it is usual to define somebody as The-tenth-muse, whenthey want to praise them paying the greatest (rhetorical) compliment. The fisrt one to get this ...


3

There is no special term for the output of an operator analogous to the special term for an input (operand), at least not in common use. Per the Wikipedia article on operators: The values combined are called operands, arguments, or inputs, and the value produced is called the value, result, or output.


3

If the property is being seized in order to pay a debt, then the property is sequestrated. Sequestration is the placing of property into the control of a trustee who will distribute it amongst creditors.


3

The "Louis Kirstein Professorship" (or Louis Kirstein Chair) is an academic position founded or sponsored by, or in the name of, Louis Kirstein. Kirstein was probably a distinguished academic in the field, or he may have been a rich philanthropist. In any case the holder of the position is called the "Louis Kirstein Professor". Holding a named professorship ...


3

Liquid vocalization is a general term encompassing vocalization of both /l/ and /r/ sounds. This is the term used in Lisa J. Green's African American English: A Linguistic Introduction (2002), among others. It's a simple combination of two linguistics terms: Liquid. This is defined in David Crystal's Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics (2008) ...


3

authentication: noun [MASS NOUN] 1 The process or action of proving or showing something to be true, genuine, or valid: the prints will be stamped with his seal and accompanied by a letter of authentication [AS COUNT NOUN]: the authentications were both carried out by the Investigation Bureau of the Ministry of Justice



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