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124

In the US, the most common term is defensive driving The standard Safe Practices for Motor Vehicle Operations, ANSI/ASSE Z15.1, defines defensive driving as "driving to save lives, time, and money, in spite of the conditions around you and the actions of others." It is a form of training for motor vehicle drivers that goes beyond mastery of the ...


77

Pot is short for "potentiometer". It's the doodad behind the panel, connected to the knob, that divides the voltage ("potential") between two ends of an element. It does not mean knob, nor does it mean dial. Loosely also used to refer to a rheostat, which is an adjustable resistance rather than two resistances that are used to divide voltage.


57

Ooh! This is my field of expertise. =) Never use "string" to describe a series of characters, in any user interface element. The exception to this rule, is when the user is expected to be a developer (programmer, analyst, power user, etc.). If any, the user interface should use jargon with which the user is expected to be familiar. When using jargon in ...


27

Yes, according to Wikipedia the dis-k version of the word has been used to refer to magnetic storage media since the 1950s when IBM (a US company) pioneered the first hard drive. Subsequently the advent of optical media from companies such as Philips (Who are Dutch and therefore used the European spelling) and Sony meant that the form dis-c was chosen. ...


23

I was on the ANSI committee that defined the 5 1/4 inch floppy specification (ANSI X3-B8) back around 1980. Even then, among all the existing manufacturers, there was no consensus about disk versus disc versus diskette. So both "disk" and "disc" are correct. As an aside, that was a pretty rockin' crew. That ANSI committee met three times a year, and ...


23

There is a term, "defensive driving" which encompasses what you mention. Defensive driving is a form of training for motor vehicle drivers that goes beyond mastery of the rules of the road and the basic mechanics of driving. Its aim is to reduce the risk of collision by anticipating dangerous situations, despite adverse conditions or the mistakes of ...


16

I found some infomation on Stackoverflow. This is particularly useful: login, logout, logon, and logoff are nouns or adjectives log in, log out, log on, log off are verbs for developers, this will probably be helpful in deciding which term to use: Just an observation, but the more casual the site, the more likely it’s going to use ...


16

If you look up this definition of the word speed, you will see that the first meaning attributed to the word is the rate at which someone or something moves or is able to move. So, it is perfectly logical to talk about both slow and fast speed, as the word is neutral in this sense and can be modified with these two adjectives. I wouldn't call it an error, ...


16

(Would just have left this as a comment, but don't have the reputation.) In the UK, as well as practical and theory tests, to get a driving licence you have to pass a "hazard perception" test involving watching a video of someone driving, and clicking a mouse when you see a developing hazard. ("A developing hazard is something that may result in you having ...


15

Native anglophone is, I believe, an even shorter term. anglophone (noun) an English-speaking person Oxford Dictionaries


15

We did some informal research on precisely this for the ConML modelling language, which is aimed at non experts in information technologies. We wanted a "string" data type but we didn't want to sound too techie. Our conclusion was to use Text as a data type name, and from our experience at teaching and using ConML, it is well received and understood.


14

It's called a motherboard because it is the main circuit board in the computer, and it can be extended by plugging other circuit boards into it. These extensions are called daughter boards. Wikipedia suggests that historically a "mainboard" was not extensible in this way, hence the need for different terminology. Many computer terms use human or biological ...


13

From TheFreeDictionary.com: depression 1. a. The act of depressing. b. The condition of being depressed. And the verb: depress 4. to press or push down So ... depressed works just fine for the state of a button being pushed in.


12

I think this area is called a bailey. A bailey can refer to the courtyard or the defensive wall that surrounds it. Or it might be considered a ward, since it is inside the curtain walls. And apparently, a ward and a bailey are the same thing. Or it seems that it can be called a parade ground, as @F'x indicated and in agreement with this diagram: ...


12

The differences between British English and American English are more apparent in speech than in writing, where the main indicator of variance is spelling. You have to consider who your readers are, and adapt your writing to their expectations. Do you have any particular example that is bothering you?


12

You should call them a pattern. Tell them I said so. Edit Apparently my drive-by downvoter didn’t care for “tell ’em I said so”. However, I quite assure you that it is germane, and indeed, a proper reference. In particular, I said so in the Glossary of Programming Perl [O’Reilly Media], in its 2nd, 3rd, 4th editions published respectively in 1995, ...


11

Such constructions are exceedingly common in English. You might want to examine your assumption that this is an "obvious error" or "obviously illogical". Short stature Narrow width Short length Slow acceleration Shallow depth Low altitude Some people consider "slow speed" an oxymoron - but as is the case with most oxymora, the meaning is ...


11

The older term is defensive driving, but I believe these days that term has lost favor with, e.g., driving teachers, and the new term, IIRC, is cooperative driving. I think the philosophical reason for the change is that to many people, "defensive driving" implied that the other drivers were idiots or homicidal maniacs, and you needed to protect yourself ...


10

Twitter is a brand and, as such, you should follow the usage established by the brand itself. Looking at http://blog.twitter.com/, I see they describe the messages as Tweets (singular: a Tweet), with a capital T, and the action of sending them as tweeting (verb: to tweet), no capitalization. That rule should be followed until established usage starts to ...


10

probe is from the Latin probare, which means "to test, to examine". It is used to mean an inquiry, or thorough examination, probing tends to imply getting inside something to reveal what is hidden, the truth. A probe, as an object, is a device used to look within something else, to see what is veiled in some respect. In the case of modprobe, the purpose ...


10

It depends. If you just don't update stuff, you let it become obsolete/old/out-of-date, let it age, olden, or dust. A stronger and more colloquial expression would be, you let it rot. However, the most straightforward thing to say would be, you just don't update it. If you actively perform the opposite of updating, you make it old or revert it to an older ...


10

It's a joke, a play on words. It plays upon the double meaning of 'technically': something is wrong with the technology; and something is strictly wrong. Twitter is a bit of a light-hearted company, as you may have gleaned from the Fail Whale that accompanies said message. In other words: they intend the reader to interpret it both ways.


10

I happen to find this use of the word irritating, but there is no doubt that it is widely used, at least in technology companies. As you indicate, it will be misunderstood in some quarters, which might be a good reason for avoiding it. The question of whether or not it is "proper" is meaningless, unless you define the particular arbiter of manners who you ...


10

Bandwidth, literally, is the amount of data that can be passed along a communications channel in a given period of time. On the other hand, in business jargon, it is sometimes used to refer to the resources needed to complete a task or project. Clear language is important for clear communication. So it may be better to avoid jargon if you are not sure they ...


9

I believe that disk is American English whilst disc is English English. In the era of personal computers with removable disks, the spelling mostly came from the US computer industry and has taken hold in other parts of the Anglosphere. Currently, most optical discs are popularly referred to as CDs, DVDs or Blu-Rays, so perhaps the distinction is moot. No ...


9

Jargon, in that particular context, is not "using incorrect English words". It is this sense of the word: the technical terminology or characteristic idiom of a special activity or group. By definition, jargon is language usage that is not ubiquitous throughout the language, and as such is not standard (though it may have a very standard use within ...


8

No -- jig is the correct technical term for any bit of tooling designed to hold a workpiece for the purpose of facilitating a specific operation. A vise or clamp is a general-purpose tool; it lacks the constraints that make a jig a jig. A jig may incorporate a template, as in the case of a jig designed to hold a workpiece for routing a particular shape ...


8

Mother-board In personal computers, a motherboard is the central printed circuit board (PCB) in many modern computers and holds many of the crucial components of the system, providing connectors for other peripherals. The first references I found are in 1956 to "mother" board, "mother-board" and "mother board"; the quotes suggest this is new ...


8

"De" is also used as a prefix meaning "down to the bottom" or "away", which can also lead to "completely", as in the examples here: denude, denigrate. It may count as an auto-antonym, also called contronym. But I can't think of an example of un-pressing something.



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