New answers tagged subject
(You) [SUBJECT] show [VERB] me [INDIRECT OBJECT] that photo [DIRECT OBJECT]
Thanks to Prof. John Lawler for the very useful comments. When I look at it as a question of a hypernym for subject and object in English grammar, the closest that I can find is the concept of case, as currently defined, if not taught. ODO (accessed UTC 07:01 today) explains (with English examples): Nouns and pronouns can be used as the subject ...
I believe the word you are looking for is "case." Pronouns come in three cases: subjective, objective and possessive. With the exception of pronouns, word order, rather than changes in the word, usually identify the case.
John's job is repairing bicycles. If this is what John does for eight hours every day, you want to use the gerund. John's job is to repair the bicycle. If somebody is assigning tasks, and John's assignment of repairing a bicycle is only going to happen once, you would be more likely to use the infinitive. Both of these sentences can be inverted ...
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