New answers tagged subject
It ain't acceptable. ;) "My favourite animal" is the subject of the sentence and singular. The verb needs to agree with the subject in number. So it has to be "is" rather than "are": 'My favourite animal is the dog' forces the complement also agree.
The problem here—if there is one—is comparable to that of a sentence that run as follows: The compression of images and arranging words most effectively are of the essence of poetry. In both instance, the reader understands what is being said but wonders why the author didn't take the opportunity (or make the effort) to bring the dual subject into ...
I think the term sought after is arguments of the verb. This term doesn't only refer to the different elements in action verb constructions, but in any clausal construction. In the Original Poster's example John, Jack and money are the three arguments of the verb GIVE. Enthusiasm is not one of the arguments of the verb. There is no special grammatical ...
Different linguistic frameworks call them different things. The two most common are, I think, constituents and arguments. Note that in your example only John, Jack and money are arguments. from his wallet is a relative clause which modifies money, and it doesn't have any kind of similar role as the arguments.
In some analyses of syntax these consitutents of a clause (or of subordinate constituents) are called NPs, a term which derives from “noun phrase” but has a somewhat larger scope: a “noun phrase” is a phrase headed by a noun, while “NP” includes phrases of other sorts which can act in the same syntactic role as noun phrases. Note that an NP (or “noun ...
Some writers use the word function. Function - In linguistics, the relation between linguistic units in a hierarchy: the adjective large functions as a modifier of the noun house in the noun phrase that large house, and in turn that large house functions as subject in the sentence That large house belongs to Jill’s parents. (Tom McArthur (ed), 1992.423, ...
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