Hot answers tagged

81

This is often called flattening. Below is a reference from the Jargon File. Also if you type "flatten list", for example, into Google, you will see that it's a commonly used term. flatten: vt. [common] To remove structural information, esp. to filter something with an implicit tree structure into a simple sequence of leaves [Jargon File]


65

preyed-on or preyed-upon (adjective) Oxford online dictionaries That is preyed upon; subject to predation; exploited or persecuted. Google Ngrams Animal Life: Secrets of the Animal World Revealed Animal Nature and Human Nature Firestar MOTIVATION Forest and Bird, Issues 47-90 Dillie the Deer: A True Story of Love, Healing, and ...


48

skittish (Webster) adjective 1. apt to start or shy: a skittish horse. 2. restlessly or excessively lively: a skittish mood. 3. fickle; uncertain. 4. shy; coy.


40

Open secret — M-W noun a supposedly secret but generally known matter "It's an open secret that he's been cheating on his wife." Open secret — Wikipedia An open secret is a concept or idea that is "officially" secret or restricted in knowledge but is actually widely known; or it refers to something that is widely known to be true ...


38

Bob is a scaredy–cat. He gets scared so easily. scaredy–cat: an unduly fearful person. Credits: @bill


36

Bob is so jumpy. He gets scared so easily. jumpy: subject to sudden, involuntary starts, especially from nervousness, fear, excitement, etc.


29

Your particular example is not only overly complicated, but especially confusing as a result. I would therefore use convoluted: 1 (Especially of an argument, story, or sentence) extremely complex and difficult to follow —Oxford Dictionaries Edited to add: Note that the word's original meaning is literally "twisted" or "coiled", but it is now ...


27

Bob is timid. Timid Pronunciation: /ˈtimid/ ADJECTIVE (timider, timidest) Showing a lack of courage or confidence; easily frightened: I was too timid to ask for what I wanted. (Source: Oxford Dictionaries)


26

Predator is to predatory as prey is to preyed upon. This is a passive, "receiving" construction. Rabbits have a nature to be preyed upon. In the case of a person, Jack was noted for his tendency to be bullied. That's another "receiving" construction in the passive voice.


25

It's not single-word, but there's a good fit in common knowledge. something that is known to many people but often not made known officially Cambridge


19

In Latin, prædātōrius:prædātor::prædātus:prædātīcius/prædātītius. Words prædātor and prædātus are antonyms. Corresponding adjectives are prædātōrius and prædātīcius. Therefore English antonym to predatory should be predaticious/predatitious (Latin meaning “taken as booty or plunder” per Lewis & Short). Suffix -itious/-icious means “having the nature ...


19

As you say "It could not be of English origin", the adjective taboo comes to mind. late 18th century: from Tongan tabu ‘set apart, forbidden’; introduced into English by Captain Cook. Definition: "not acceptable to talk about or do" (Mirriam Webster) examples: Filipina helper Liz (not her real name) battled bed bugs in June 2012 in Tai Wong ...


16

Unnesting appears to be the antonym: Nesting and unnesting: The transformation of a nested relation into 1NF is called unnesting. Nest and Unnest Operators in Nested Relations: By distinguishing nested attributes as Decomposable and Non-Decomposable, it is proved that for all nested relations, unnesting and then renesting on the same ...


15

As @Jim said in comments, the obvious word seems to be overcomplicated ODO: overcomplicated: more complicated than necessary


14

unspoken truth (thanks be to @hatchet) Also, as a variation on the term unspoken rule, we could coin the phrase unspoken culture. Finally, Carl Jung's collective unconscious seems apt here. Wikipedia According to Jung, the human collective unconscious is populated by instincts and by archetypes: universal symbols such as the Great Mother, the Wise ...


13

If you're looking for an alternative to "preyed-upon," the verb depredate can mean the same. Depredated in the noun form could express the meaning of something that is preyed-upon. Another more technical term in regards to predator-prey relationships is consumed, in case that's helpful.


13

Since the object in question is moving up the hierarchy one level, you could say that it has been promoted. Eg "Layer 2 was promoted to the top level". http://www.dictionary.com/browse/promoted to advance in rank, dignity, position, etc. (opposed to demote ).


12

I think chicken-hearted is a better option than timid as timid can also mean shy or lacking confidence and jumpy is usually used in the context of being anxious or excitable: chicken-hearted Oxford dictionaries Easily frightened; cowardly. or yellow-bellied American Heritage dictionary Slang Cowardly. or lily-livered or white-livered ...


12

George is highly enthusiastic and adaptable with the latest technologies and advancements. Adaptable: able to change or be changed in order to fit or work better in some situation or for some purpose : able to adapt or be adapted.


11

Tacit \Tac"it\, a. [L. tacitus, p. p. of tacere to be silent, to pass over in silence; akin to Goth. [thorn]ahan to be silent, Icel. [thorn]egja, OHG. dag[=e]n: cf. F. tacite. Cf. {Reticent}.] Done or made in silence; implied, but not expressed; silent; as, tacit consent is consent by silence, or by not interposing ...


11

Mass deportation nullifies the positive economic effects of undocumented immigrants. nullify dictionary.com to render or declare legally void or inoperative Merriam-Webster : to cause (something) to lose its value or to have no effect


11

While the answers above (eliminate and nullify) would work just fine for this sentence, the word I would use would be negates. Mass deportation negates the positive economic effects of undocumented immigrants.


10

Perhaps narrower than you are looking for, but unmentionable comes to mind. Unmentionable typically connotes the subject is well known, but not spoken about, due to embarrassing or offensive aspects. I say "perhaps narrower" because your question doesn't limit the lack of discussion as being due to an embarrassing or offensive characteristic.


9

It may not be the most precise answer as it relates more closely to an understanding of existing technologies, but tech-savvy makes some implication that a person would be capable of learning new technologies as well, and it's perhaps the most apt single-word choice. George is tech-savvy, because he knows the concepts well.


8

Homeopathyphile or homeopathophile, a neologism, alas homeopathy, definition from Merriam-Webster a system of medical practice that treats a disease especially by the administration of minute doses of a remedy that would in larger amounts produce in healthy persons symptoms similar to those of the disease homeopathy etymology, from Etomonline ...


8

A Rube Goldberg or Goldbergian. 1. having a fantastically complicated, improvised appearance: a Rube Goldberg arrangement of flasks and test tubes. 2. deviously complex and impractical: a Goldbergian scheme for reducing taxes. -Dictionary.com


7

This is more suitable for computing than sewing, but consider utilities, which (as noted in the link below) is derived from utilis (useful). Please excuse the self-referential definition. Utility noun 3 Computing A utility program: a handy utility for converting one graphics file type to another - ODO Your sample sentences would then be: Don’t ...


7

I'm a bit hesitant to put forward toolkit as it does not really capture things like scraps of cloth. Still, may be of use. 1 A set of tools, especially one kept in a bag or box and used for a particular purpose. 1.1 Computing A set of software tools. 1.2 A personal set of resources, abilities, or skills: intuition developed from past stock ...


7

Cowardly Coward [kou-erd] noun 1. a person who lacks courage in facing danger, difficulty, opposition, pain, etc.; a timid or easily intimidated person. ... or, the definition I prefer, "one who is too easily cowed." Dictionary


6

I can think of only one noun that fits here nicely: Don’t forget to bring the (adjective, if needed) essentials with you. You may want to put an appropriate adjective before the word i.e. "programming essentials" -Essential a basic, indispensable, or necessary element; chief point:



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