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While the dictionaries I own don't contain it, I think the word apocryphy is exactly what you're looking for. Derived from the word apocryphal which means “of doubtful authenticity but usually accepted as being true”, I’d use it in a sentence like this: Attributing your dad’s old saying to Albert Einstein just to win that argument was one of the ...


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Pseudepigraphical is used by some biblical scholars.


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Seems like a case of counterfeiting credentials, to me. The phrase turns up a number of uses on Google. The practice itself is simply lying. Coloring it with a specific phrase depends on the exact situation.


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The closest thing I can think of is the equivocation fallacy, where the meaning of a word or phrase changes as it is used in different places within an argument. But I don't believe the examples you cited are contradictions; they are actually very perceptive. Take "freedom is slavery"; freedom actually is a kind of slavery, in many ways. One is that the ...


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Are you looking for "straw man"? A straw man is a common type of argument and is an informal fallacy based on the misrepresentation of an opponent's argument. To be successful, a straw man argument requires that the audience be ignorant or uninformed of the original argument. The so-called typical "attacking a straw man" argument creates the illusion of ...


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The technical term for the fallacy of negating an argument by discrediting the person making it is: argumentum ad hominem



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