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Inspired by Richard A. Lanham's Revising Prose mission to remove lard from the written word, I’ve found that you can often avoid the preposition-at-the-end problem by using active voice instead of passive voice. “Two communities I am contributing to” or “Two communities to which I am contributing” can be refined and refocused to the simpler, more direct, ...


The rule about ending sentences with prepositions is a bit of a dinosaur. It, along with the rule about not splitting infinitives, is an artifact left over from Latin, where such constructions are impossible. Quite often, the reworking you have to do in order to avoid ending a sentence with a preposition makes the sentence even more unreadable. Example: "X ...


You could rephrase it as "I'm working to contribute to two communities."


The example you cite has a lot of weaknesses, some of which have already been pointed out by commenters above. However, the issue you raise with "the LED displays provide static information instead of dynamic" involves phrasing that is neither ideal nor altogether indefensible. The author may have struggled with not being free to use the relatively ...


"Change in" allows for the possibility that some hint of the original use or meaning survives, though altered. "Change of" is what you would use if it had completely changed, such that the original use or meaning completely disappeared.


I believe that these are abbreviated phrases, e.g. in brief is short for something like in brief terms. So brief is an adjective, but the word it modifies has been elided.


The word of has a common meaning, as in I'm afraid of (something or someone). I assume that these sentences are challenging because they omit some words through the concept of ellipsis. Most of us are familiar with the idea of you (understood). We make grammatical sense of a sentence like Go home by realizing that you is understood to be the implied ...


If we take your specimen text, The thing I'm most afraid of is me. Of not knowing what I'm going to do. Of not knowing what I'm doing right now it is apparent that it is semantically one sentence that has been turned into one sentence plus two sentence fragments for rhetorical effect. (The main verb that makes gives meaning to the two sentence ...


In general prepositional phrases at the beginning of sentences are common and grammatically correct. On the other hand, Bobby likes swimming. After soccer, we go out for dinner. By noon, all the shifts should be finished. Of the two of us, who is going to help mama? As for you sentence, of not knowing is the continuation of a previous sentence with ...


Well, firstly, you know that this is not a sentence, right? Change of the form or change in the form are both ok if you are talking about the action of transforming a word. The second we would probably almost aleays write change in if it's something that occurs due to such a transformation.


Good analysis! You are correct on your first impression. The subject of the sentence is that single student, ergo "uses", the singular form, is correct. Interestingly, both your proposed structures for the role of "5" are valid English expressions though some might debate relative merits of style. In your original sentence, 5 functions as an adjective ...

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