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Traditional RP has 12 monophthongs: six short vowels—kit, put, dress, strut, trap, lot— five long vowels—fleece, goose, nurse, thought, start and the schwa—banana. According to this blog post, Modern RP has up to three more monophthongs—square, near, cure. These are essentially long versions of the short vowels dress, kit, ...


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"Was there ever a movement or attempt at reforming the spelling system in order to bring it closer to phonetics?" Indeed there was. "Orthoepy" was a preoccupation in England in the 16th century and later. You'll find in Chomsky and Halle's SPE quotes from John Hart, writing in 1550 on the speech of his time, for instance, in their summary of the historical ...


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The final consonants usually are being pronounced, but through some allomorphs that make them harder to hear. "but I": In this case the /t/ is being pronounced as either a flap or a glottal stop. "out of": The /t/ will be pronounced as either a flap or maybe an unaspirated consonant /t/. "don't exist": The tongue is in the same place for /n/ and /t/. You ...


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Although the elision of a notional /t/ in many similar words, such as chasten, glisten, moisten is now a fossilized feature of these items such that no /t/ actually exists in the modern words, the original elision of these /t/s, like the elision of /t/ in the word often itself, may be seen to be a result a general phonological rule for alveolar plosive ...



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