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1

"With" would work better to here in order to avoid the repetition of "by." "All of the old school buses have been replaced by the mayor by new ones" sounds unnecessarily clunky because of that repetition.


1

The active voice puts more emphasis on the action. If you're focusing more on the carrying of the bag and the eating of the burger, you're better off using the active voice. If you're focusing more on the heaviness of the bag and the spiciness of the burger, you're better off using the passive voice.


-1

I think, here 'by' is the better preposition than 'with' because of the word mayor, which is the object. However the preposition 'with' may be more apt without the object, mayor. Example: The old ones are replaced with new ones.


0

My Longman English Grammar by L. G. Alexander gives the following example in paragraph 16.32: 1 He is too heay (for me) to lift. (As an example not the very best.) And as far as I can remember the normal thing is an active to-infinitive after "too + adjective as in 2 The text is too difficult (for me) to translate. (My own example) Theoretically a ...


0

I believe Option 2 in each situation would be proper grammar, although many English-speakers would shift to the first one as casual speech. I do think there is a distinction, though. Passive voice is essentially used when you don't know who is acting. In the sentence, "Jill gave me an apple," we know Jill did it. In the sentence, "An apple was given to me," ...


3

In order to interpret this sentence as passive voice, we have to assume there is an agent implied: This file is located here by someone. My guess would be that strict followers of Strunk and White would read the sentence like this, but I have my doubts about this interpretation. To locate something means that someone establishes the location, not that ...


0

A Google Books search for "replaced with new ones by" versus "replaced by new ones by" across books and periodicals published between 1800 and 2008 found 52 unique matches for "replaced with new ones by" and 42 unique matches for "replaced by new ones by." Clearly we're talking about an extremely small pool of examples; but I was somewhat surprised that ...


1

Active: "Do you know her?" Passive : "Is she known to you?" "by you" is used for more active verbs, for example: "Did you paint that picture?" "Was that picture painted by you?" Knowing or not knowing is not an action but a state (in this case of a relationship).


-3

My email Id has changed--- The Id is changed and it is still going on ( the process of changing mail Id ) My mail Id was changed ---- The Id is changed in the past


0

Another approach/thought : He is known by me. Suggest a more normal two-way relationship. But it would sound awkward and unnatural to a native speaker. He is known to me. Suggests a two-way personal relationship. It sounds like I know him in the sense that I know President Obama.


4

Modals as Defective Verbs Modals are considered neither transitive nor intransitive. Modals just change some aspect of the principal verb. This is normally either some aspect that says something about the simple “futureness” or probability, or else instead something about how the world is supposed to be but is not. Not being transitive themselves, they ...


1

I don't think it's possible to put a modal verb in the passive voice. What's the passive voice of "you must not talk to her"?


0

To translate into the passive based on the verb 'dare' you would say: "Talking to her was not dared (by you)". An alternative transformation based on the verb 'talk' results in "You dare not have her talked to (by you)", though it's a clumsy sentence with slightly different implications from the original.


0

How about: "He was a boy who was beaten often." EDIT Based on Jim's point that beaten is ambiguous and John Lawler's comment about the requirement for slang usage, consider: "He was a boy who was beaten up often." If the requirements of slang mandate that got must be used in place of was, then so be it.


0

How about: Managed to contain myself while having a gun pointed at me. That's an achievement. Unless you didn't actually manage to contain yourself.



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